HISTORICAL ACTIVITIES RELATED TO ACQUISITIONS AND CAPITAL RAISE ACTIVITIES
In connection with the Company's IPO in March of 1998, the Company issued $468,000 of notes (the "IPO Notes") to certain shareholders who had provided capital prior to the IPO. Originally, interest accrued at the rate of 6% with the entire amount due on March 30, 2003. Many of the IPO Note holders agreed to have the accrued interest added to the principal balance and extended the maturity date to April 1, 2005 in exchange for quarterly payments of interest and an increase in the interest rate to 10%. Several of the holders agreed to accept a discounted sum in full payment of their IPO Note. The new principal balance on these renewed and extended IPO Notes is $278,000 as of December 31, 2003. Several of the holders could not be located and therefore the principal portion related to those holders of $44,000 is currently past due.
The Company had issued in 1998 as a part of the consideration due to Affiliated Practices certain subordinated promissory notes (the "Series A Notes"). On September 19, 2003, all of the outstanding principal balance of the Series A Notes, in the sum of $849,000, were converted into 1,572,222 shares of the Company's common stock. A conversion price of $0.54 per share was used as the fair price per share which was the preceding twenty trading day average closing price of the Company's common stock. As a result of that conversion, the Company recorded a $252,000 charge associated with the conversion of the Series A Notes due to a difference in the closing price of the Company's common stock on the day of conversion and the twenty trading day average closing price. Holders of the Series A Notes included James Powers, who had received a $253,000 Series A Note as a part of the consideration paid to him from his own Affiliated Dental Practice transaction in 1998.
In October 2001, the Company issued $1.1 million of subordinated promissory notes to the shareholders of Learning-Edge, Inc. under the terms of the acquisition agreement (the "Learning-Edge Notes"). The Learning-Edge Notes bear interest at rates ranging from at 7.5% to 9.0% and are due in two equal installments on April 5, 2005 and on October 1, 2005, respectively. The terms of the Learning-Edge Notes provided that if the Company raises additional capital equal to or in excess of $3 million, 25% of the principal of the Learning-Edge Notes is to be repaid. For each $500,000 raised above $3 million, the repayment percentage increases by 15%. If more than $5 million is raised, 100% of the principal of the Learning-Edge Notes is to be repaid. The holders of the Learning-Edge Notes waived these accelerated payment provisions in relation to the Convertible Note Offering.
In March 2002, the Company completed a private placement offering (the "Convertible Note Offering") raising capital of $5,775,000 that was used to extinguish an existing line of credit. Under the terms of the Convertible Note Offering, the Company issued unsecured subordinated convertible notes (the "Convertible Notes"). The Convertible Notes bear interest at the rate of 12% per annum and require quarterly interest payments, with the principal due at maturity on March 29, 2012. The holders of the Convertible Note may convert the principal into shares of the Company's common stock at the fixed price of $1.00 per share. The Company may force redemption by conversion of the principal into common stock at the fixed conversion price, if at any time the 20 trading day average closing price of the Company's common stock exceeds $3.00 per share. The notes are subordinated to any present or future senior indebtedness. The placement agent received a commission of $577,500 plus $173,250 as a non-accountable expense reimbursement and received a warrant to purchase units on the same basis as other investors representing ten percent of the gross proceeds at a price of 110% of that paid by investors. During the three months ended December 31, 2003, holders with a principal balance totaling $125,000 converted their notes into common shares of the Company. As a part of the Convertible Note Offering the Company also issued warrants to purchase 5,775,000 shares of the Company's common stock for an exercise price of $3.00 per share. The Company may force redemption of the warrants if at any time the 20 trading day average closing price of the Company's common stock exceeds $5.50 per share, and the warrants expire on March 29, 2005. The fair value of the warrants was estimated using a Black-Scholes pricing model with the following assumptions: contractual and expected life of three years, volatility of 75%, dividend yield
of 0%, and a risk-free rate of 3.87%. A discount to the Convertible Notes of $1,132,000 was recorded using this value, which is being amortized to interest expense over the ten (10) year term of the Convertible Notes. As the carrying value of the notes is less than the conversion value, a beneficial conversion feature of $1,132,000 was calculated and recorded as an additional discount to the notes and is being amortized to interest expense over the ten (10) year term of the Convertible Notes. Upon conversion, any remaining discount associated with the beneficial conversion feature will be expensed in full at the time of conversion.
On September 16, 2003, the Company completed its private placement of convertible preferred stock with detachable warrants. The Company sold 30 units at $50,000 each and raised a total of $1,500,000. Each unit consisted of 5,000 shares of convertible preferred stock, par value $0.001 and a warrant to purchase 25,000 shares of common stock. The convertible preferred stock is convertible into the Company's common stock at a price of $0.50 per share (subject to adjustment in certain events, with a floor of $0.30), and the warrants are immediately exercisable at a price of $1.50 per share with a three-year term. Accordingly, each share of preferred stock is convertible into 20 shares of common stock and retains a $10 liquidation preference. The Company will pay an 8% dividend to holders of the convertible preferred stock, and the dividend is cumulative. The convertible preferred stock is non-voting and non-participating. The shares of convertible preferred stock will not be registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and were offered in a private placement providing exemption from registration. The placement agent was paid a commission of $150,000 or 10% of the gross proceeds plus $45,000, which represented a 3% non-accountable expense fee and received a warrant to purchase 3 units at the same terms of the original units. In addition, the Company paid $17,000 in legal and accounting fees bringing the net proceeds raised to $1,288,000. The Company plans on using the net proceeds for general working capital, to expand its sales and marketing activities and to retire certain acquisition related liabilities. The cash proceeds of the private placement of convertible preferred stock was allocated pro-rata between the relative fair values of the preferred stock and warrants at issuance using the Black Scholes valuation model for valuing the warrants. After allocating the proceeds between the preferred stock and warrant, an effective conversion price was calculated for the convertible preferred stock to determine the beneficial conversion discount for each share. The aggregate value of the warrants and the beneficial conversion discount of $247,000 are considered a deemed dividend in the calculation of loss per share.
In connection with the acquisition of certain assets from Mentergy, Inc. (and its wholly owned subsidiary LearnLinc Corporation), the Company issued among other consideration a secured promissory note with a principal balance of $250,000 that was due on December 13, 2003 (the "Mentergy Note"). By agreement with Mentergy and its assignees, the Company paid $50,000 on the note during December of 2003, leaving $200,000 of the remaining balance past due. Subsequent to December 31, 2003, the remaining balance of $200,000 plus accrued interest has been paid in full and the associated security interest in the LearnLinc Assets has been terminated.
In February of 2004, the Company completed a private placement offering raising capital of $500,000 that will be used for general corporate purposes. Under the terms of the offering, the Company issued unsecured subordinated convertible notes that have a term of 24 months (subject to adjustment in certain events), and the notes are subordinated to any present or future senior indebtedness. The notes bear interest at the rate of 8% per annum for the first twelve months and then 10% for the second twelve months (subject to a retroactive adjustment to 15% if the underlying shares into which the notes are convertible have not been registered by July 31, 2004) and require quarterly payments of interest only, with the principal due at maturity on February 12, 2006. The holders of the notes may convert the outstanding principal into shares of the Company's common stock at the fixed price of $0.70 per share (subject to adjustments for dilution, as defined). At the issue date, the Company calculated a beneficial conversion feature of the notes to be $214,286, which will be amortized as interest expense over the 2-year life of the debt. The holders of the notes retain certain demand and piggy-back registration rights.