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Re: justradin post# 744163

Wednesday, 01/11/2023 11:26:44 AM

Wednesday, January 11, 2023 11:26:44 AM

Post# of 751928
Wow! Any idea how much "crypto" is even out there? I think it's still being studied by the federal reserve but it could (and maybe has) developed into a problem for the financial system.

Here's the latest statement from the federal reserve:

January 3, 2023
Joint Statement on Crypto-Asset Risks to Banking Organizations
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve), the Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation (FDIC), and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)
(collectively, the agencies) are issuing the following statement on crypto-asset1 risks to banking
The events of the past year have been marked by significant volatility and the exposure of
vulnerabilities in the crypto-asset sector. These events highlight a number of key risks associated
with crypto-assets and crypto-asset sector participants that banking organizations should be
aware of, including:

• Risk of fraud and scams among crypto-asset sector participants.
• Legal uncertainties related to custody practices, redemptions, and ownership rights, some of
which are currently the subject of legal processes and proceedings.
• Inaccurate or misleading representations and disclosures by crypto-asset companies,
including misrepresentations regarding federal deposit insurance, and other practices that
may be unfair, deceptive, or abusive, contributing to significant harm to retail and
institutional investors, customers, and counterparties.
• Significant volatility in crypto-asset markets, the effects of which include potential impacts
on deposit flows associated with crypto-asset companies.
• Susceptibility of stablecoins to run risk, creating potential deposit outflows for banking
organizations that hold stablecoin reserves.
• Contagion risk within the crypto-assetsector resulting from interconnections among certain
crypto-asset participants, including through opaque lending, investing, funding, service, and
operational arrangements. These interconnections may also present concentration risks for
banking organizations with exposures to the crypto-asset sector.
• Risk management and governance practices in the crypto-asset sector exhibiting a lack of
maturity and robustness.
• Heightened risks associated with open, public, and/or decentralized networks, or similar
systems, including, but not limited to, the lack of governance mechanisms establishing
oversight of the system; the absence of contracts or standards to clearly establish roles,
responsibilities, and liabilities; and vulnerabilities related to cyber-attacks, outages, lost or
trapped assets, and illicit finance.
It is important that risks related to the crypto-asset sector that cannot be mitigated or controlled
do not migrate to the banking system. The agencies are supervising banking organizations that
may be exposed to risks stemming from the crypto-asset sector and carefully reviewing any proposals from banking organizations to engage in activities that involve crypto-assets. Through
the agencies’ case-by-case approaches to date, the agencies continue to build knowledge,
expertise, and understanding of the risks crypto-assets may pose to banking organizations, their
customers, and the broader U.S. financial system. Given the significant risks highlighted by
recent failures of several large crypto-asset companies, the agencies continue to take a careful
and cautious approach related to current or proposed crypto-asset-related activities and exposures
at each banking organization.
Banking organizations are neither prohibited nor discouraged from providing banking services to
customers of any specific class or type, as permitted by law or regulation. The agencies are
continuing to assess whether or how current and proposed crypto-asset-related activities by
banking organizations can be conducted in a manner that adequately addresses safety and
soundness, consumer protection, legal permissibility, and compliance with applicable laws and
regulations, including anti-money laundering and illicit finance statutes and rules.Based on the
agencies’ current understanding and experience to date, the agencies believe that issuing or
holding as principal crypto-assets that are issued, stored, or transferred on an open, public, and/or
decentralized network, or similar system is highly likely to be inconsistent with safe and sound
banking practices. Further, the agencies have significant safety and soundness concerns with
business models that are concentrated in crypto-asset-related activities or have concentrated
exposures to the crypto-asset sector.
The agencies will continue to closely monitor crypto-asset-related exposures of banking
organizations. As warranted, the agencies will issue additional statements related to engagement
by banking organizations in crypto-asset-related activities. The agencies also will continue to
engage and collaborate with other relevant authorities, as appropriate, on issues arising from
activities involving crypto-assets.
Each agency has developed processes2 whereby banking organizations engage in robust
supervisory discussions regarding proposed and existing crypto-asset-related activities.3 Banking
organizations should ensure that crypto-asset-related activities can be performed in a safe and
sound manner, are legally permissible, and comply with applicable laws and regulations,
including those designed to protect consumers (such as fair lending laws and prohibitions against
unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices). Banking organizations should ensure appropriate risk management, including board oversight, policies, procedures, risk assessments, controls,
gates and guardrails, and monitoring, to effectively identify and manage risks.4

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