Trial info for A2-73, Blarcamesine, aka AE37. as a vaccine for Breast and Prostate Cancer
Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Breast Cancer
AE37: a novel T-cell-eliciting vaccine for breast cancer
Introduction: Immunotherapy, including vaccines targeting the human EGFR2 (HER-2/neu) protein, is an active area of investigation in combatting breast cancer. Several vaccines are currently undergoing clinical trials, most of which are CD8(+) T-cell-eliciting vaccines. AE37 is a promising primarily CD4(+) T-cell-eliciting HER-2/neu breast cancer vaccine currently in clinical trials.
Areas covered: This article reviews preclinical investigations as well as findings from completed and ongoing Phase I and Phase II clinical trials of the AE37 vaccine.
Expert opinion: Clinical trials have shown the AE37 vaccine to be safe and capable of generating peptide-specific, durable immune responses. This has been shown in patients with any level of HER-2/neu expression. Early clinical findings suggest there may be benefit to AE37 vaccination in preventing breast cancer recurrence.
Results: Toxicities beyond grade 2 were not observed. Seventy-five percent of patients developed augmented immunity to the AE37 vaccine and 65% to the unmodified AE36 peptide as detected in the IFN-gamma-based ELISPOT assay. Intracellular IFN-gamma analyses revealed that AE37 elicited both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell responses. Eighty percent of the patients developed a positive delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction to AE36. Additionally, significant decreases could be detected in circulating Treg frequencies, plasma HER-2/neu, and serum transforming growth factor-beta levels. Patients with less extensive disease developed better immunologic responses on vaccination.
Conclusion: AE37 vaccine is safe and can induce HER-2/neu-specific cellular immune responses in patients with castrate-sensitive and castrate-resistant prostate cancer, thus emphasizing the potential of AE37 to target HER-2/neu for the immunotherapy of prostate cancer. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21895539/?dopt=Abstract