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narnia1000   Friday, 07/19/13 01:29:15 PM
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DD Report of POET Technologies Inc. (f.k.a OPEL Technologies Inc.)

Business Description:

OPEL Technologies is a semiconductor device and process developer. With its head office in Toronto, Ontario, Canada and its operations office in Storrs, Connecticut, the Company through ODIS Inc., a U.S. Company, designs III-V semiconductor devices for military, industrial and commercial applications, including infrared sensor arrays and ultra-low-power random access memory. OPEL Technologies has various patents issued and pending in the semiconductor POET process. The POET process enables the monolithic fabrication of integrated circuits containing both electronic and optical elements, with potential high-speed and power efficient applications in devices such as servers, tablet computers and smartphones.

Dr. Geoff Taylor, the Company’s Chief Scientist, and his team have developed the POET technology over the past 24 years funded in part by development grants provided by the US government and military. Dr. Taylor currently conducts research at the University of Connecticut (UConn) in Storrs, CT. The Company has 36 patents issued and 6 patents pending.

* * *

Contact Info:

121 Richmond Street West
Suite 501
Toronto, ONT M5H 2K1

Website: http://www.opelinc.com
Phone: (416) 368-9411
Email: info@opelinc.com

Financial Reporting/Disclosure:

Reporting Status: International Reporting: TSX Venture Exchange
Audited Financials: Audited
Latest Report: Mar 31, 2013 Interim Financial Report
CIK: 0001437424
Fiscal Year End: 12/31
OTC Market Tier: OTCQX International

Profile Data:

SIC - Industry Classification: 3674 - Semiconductors and related devices
Incorporated In: Canada
Year of Inc: 2007
Employees: 28 a/o Dec 31, 2011

Company Officers/Contacts:

Leon M. Pierhal: CEO
Kevin Barnes: CFO
Blaine Grisel: Controller

Company Directors:

Mark Benadiba: Chairman
John F. O'Donnell
Samuel Peralta
Leon M. Pierhal
(see more info below)

Company Notes:

Formerly=Opel Solar International, Inc. until 9-2011
Formerly=Opel International, Inc. until 12-2010

Service Providers:


Auditor, Marcum LLP
750 Third Ave
New York, NY, 10017

Legal Counsel:

Pierce Atwood LLP
Legal Counsel, DAD/PAL
Merrill's Wharf
254 Commercial Street
Portland, ME, 04101

Investor & Public Relations Firms:

Grayling USA
The Chrysler Building
405 Lexington Avenue, 7th Floor
New York, New York 10174

Christopher Chu: Director
Direct: +1 (646) 284-9426
Mobile: +1 (646) 824-1760
Skype: chrischugrayling
Facebook: Grayling NY
Email: christopher.chu@grayling.com
Twitter: www.twitter.com/GraylingNY

Atomic Public Relations, LLC

Transfer Agent:

Equity Financial Trust Co
200 University Ave
Suite 400
Toronto, ONT, M5H 4H1

Toll Free: 1.866.393.4891
T: 416.361.0152
F: 416.361.0470
Email: investor@equityfinancialtrust.com

* * *

Stock & Trade Information:

CUSIP: 683488100
ISIN: CA6834881006

Torronto Stock Exchange: (Trades as "OPL" on the TSX.V):

OTC International: (Trades as "OPELF" on the OTCQX)

Frankfurt Stock Exchange: (Trades as "A1JHST" on XETRA):

Alpha Stock Exchange: (Trades as "OPL" on Alpha)
Alpha has stopped providing info on companies to the general public. (One can view Alpha trade totals on Stockwatch etc)
(other websites depict OPL as: V.OPL, OPL.V, OPELF, CVE:OPL, CN:OPL, OPL:CN, CA:OPL, OPL:CA, OPL.VN, VN.OPL ...)

OPL on Barcharts:

Short Sales:

Share Structure:

Authorized Shares: Unlimited (No misuse, check the past)
Shares Outstanding, May 21, 2013: 132,474,865
Balance Warrants, Dec 31, 2012: 26,778,569
Balance Options, Dec 31, 2012: 17,602,750
Options Exercisable, Dec 31, 2012: 6,850,500
Free Trading Float, Dec 31, 2012: 88,093,546

Insider Holdings:

Canada Insider Trading of latest 6 months:

To see All the Company Insiders, go to: https://www.sedi.ca/
Select Language --> Reports --> Click "Access public filings" --> Click on View Summary Reports --> Select "Insider information
by issuer" --> Under "Mandatory criteria:" Select "Issuer Number" & Enter "00003983" Click on "View" to see all the results.

Institutional Ownership (- 10%):
Pinetree Capital Ltd: 10,547,500

Company Reports & Disclosure Information:

Company Financial Reports & Disclosure on OTCQX:

Company News & Disclosure on SEDAR (Canadian SEC equivalent):

Company News & Disclosure on TSX Venture:

Investment Industry Regulatory Organization (Canadian FINRA equivalent):

OPL Info SoS Delaware (Use Entity Search & enter "ODIS" or "OPEL"):



* * *

Company Info & News Releases:

News Releases & Archived Events:

Corporate Presentation 2nd Q 2013 (read in conjunction with June 27, 2013 PR):

June 27, 2013 PR, OPEL Technologies Inc. Achieves Integrated Circuit Milestone via Proprietary POET Platform:

ODIS, Inc. & POET Business Overview:

Optical Interconnection of High Speed Circuits:

ODIS Intellectual Property Appraisal Report (Redacted):

How to sell Silicon Valley on the death of silicon:

The end of Moore’s law: Q&A with POET technologies’ Peter Copetti:

OPEL Technologies Creates Advisory Board to Special Strategic Committee:

OPEL Technologies Announces Results of Annual Meeting 2013:

OPEL Technologies Provides Facility and Development Status Update:

Breaking Moore's Law: How chipmakers are pushing PCs to blistering new levels (OPL is featured halfway through the article:

Proven growth markets for Clean Technology companies:

OPEL Technologies Inc on the TSX Venture 50 list of promising companies:

* * *

SBIR Awards: NASA, Department of Defense: US Air Force, US Navy, Missile Defense Agency:

Links on the NASA website to SBIR's:

NASA SBIR (2010) Solicitation: Optoelectronic Infrastructure for RF/Optical Phased Arrays:

NASA SBIR: Optoelectronic Infrastructure for RF/Optical Phased Arrays. (TRL end of contract 5):

NASA SBIR: Optoelectronic Infrastructure for RF/Optical Phased Arrays. (TRL end of contract 7):

NASA SBIR Optoelectronic Infrastructure for RF/Optical Phased Arrays (Award details Phase 1):

NASA SBIR Optoelectronic Infrastructure for RF/Optical Phased Arrays (Award details Phase 2):

* * *

Department of Defense: SBIR Research Centre:

List of SBIR Awards for the Department of Defense for ODIS:

These are the SBIR's & STTR's that OPEL received before they were a publicly traded company:

Department of Defense, US Navy SBIR (2010) Phase 1: Integrated Optoelectronics for Optical CDMA:

Department of Defense, Missile Defense Agency SBIR (2008) Phase 1: Photonic control technology for Phased Arrays:

* * *

List of SBIR's for the Department of Defense, US Air Force:

Department of Defense, US Air Force SBIR (2008) Phase 1: An Optically Switched Thyristor as a Thz pulse Source:

Department of Defense, US Air Force SBIR (2009) Phase 1: Thyristor-HFET logic based on optical signal transfer:

USAF (2009) Complete P1 Invited P2: Integrated wide-bandgap semiconductor photoconductive switch with a terahertz antenna:

Department of Defense, US Air Force SBIR (2009) Phase 2 Final: High Frequency Optoelectronic Oscillator:

Department of Defense, US Air Force SBIR (2009): High Bandwidth Optoelectronic Data Interfaces for Satellites:

Department of Defense, US Air Force SBIR 2009 Phase 1: Optoelectronic directional couplers for optical switching fabrics:

Department of Defense, US Air Force SBIR 2010 Phase 2: Optoelectronic Directional Couplers for Optical Switching Fabrics:

Department of Defense, US Air Force SBIR 2010 Phase 2: Monolithic InfraRed pixel structures enabled by Thyristor-HFET EO logic:

Department of Defense, US Air Force SBIR (2010) Phase 1: An Optoelectronic Ultra Low Power RAM:

* * *

Technology Readiness Levels Demystified:

ODIS was one of only 10 companies selected for the CPP in 2008:

US Department of Defense, Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) & Commercialization Pilot Program (CCP):

Government Contracts Awarded to OPEL:

* * *

Audio clips of POET Presentation in Toronto with Management Executives:

POET Presentation Part 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1n6DX1wQB4

POET Presentation Part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NH9yj3u5Nig

POET Presentation Part 3: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wv249NrEtkY

Audio clips of the tour at the Ucoon labs of last years AGM (quality not so good):

UCONN Lab Tour POET Ion Implantation:

UCONN Lab Tour wave guide station:

UCONN Lab Tour IR Detector being developed by BAE:

UCONN Lab tour POET test station Silicon versus POET:

UCONN Lab Tour POET test station advantages of POET:

UCONN Lab Tour test station complimentary logic:

Team OPEL, Executive Team Members:

Leon M. Pierhal - President and CEO:

Mr. Pierhal has over forty years of management experience in Semi-Conductor, Telecommunications and Computing Technology development companies such as Amdahl Corporation, Intel Corporation, Masstor Systems Corporation, and Jupiter Technology. As a senior management executive with broad international experience, Mr. Pierhal has had direct responsibility for P&L, sales and marketing, and corporate development for several major companies requiring strategic expertise. He has experience with capitalizing and launching technology startups, mergers and acquisitions of technology companies, as well as turning around emerging companies by developing new sales divisions, channels and strategic partners. Mr. Pierhal has assisted a significant number of companies with capital formation and re-capitalization from private and public sources. He contributed exceptional strategic and tactical vision, strong team development and leadership skills. In addition, Mr. Pierhal has impressive experience in the area of technology startup company development and serves as an Outside Board Member to several such firms as well. Mr. Pierhal also remains as the President of ODIS, Inc.

Kevin Barnes - Treasurer & Chief Financial Officer:

Mr. Barnes has been serving as Controller since 2007 and has been actively involved in the Financial Statements and Management’s Discussion & Analysis preparation since then. Mr. Barnes is a member of the Institute of the Certified Management Accountants of Australia and an Accredited Chartered Secretary. Mr. Barnes currently serves as a Corporate Controller and Business Performance Manager for one of the world’s largest language training institutes. Prior to this, he was a reporting manager with Duguay and Ringler Corporate Services, a Company specializing in financial reporting for publicly traded Companies.

Lee Shepherd - Vice President, Technology:

Mr. Shepherd has a Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Applied Physics from Carleton University. He has 27 years of experience in business, technical, and military leadership roles. He has spent the last 18 years in the Telecommunications/Information Technology industry serving in technical, management, architecture, and entrepreneurial roles of ever-increasing scope and responsibility. He is Founder and Chief Executive Officer of IT Millwrights Corporation; previously Founder and Chief Technology Officer of Neterion, and Designer, Team Leader & Architect with Bell-Northern Research and Nortel. For more information: http://www.opelinc.com/news/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Lee-ShepherdResume.10.28.12.pdf

Team OPEL, Board of Directors:

Mark Benadiba - Executive Chairman:

Mark Benadiba currently serves on the board of directors of Cott Corp. (NYSE: COT) (TSX: BCB). Mark Benadiba was involved in helping Cott Corp. shift its strategy to refocus on its core business activities in late 2008. He has extensive experience in mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, strategic alliances and negotiating licensing agreements.

Peter Copetti - Executive Director:

Peter Copetti has over 25 years of capital markets and management experience in key leadership roles. He has been the chief architect and strategist of the transformation at OPEL Technologies, since joining the company in June 2012. Mr. Copetti was personally responsible for the restructuring of both secured and unsecured debt, negotiated new equity infusion into the company, and re-focused the company on its original technical vision of monolithic optoelectronic integration, leading to OPEL's resurgence as a leading platform innovator in the semiconductor industry.

Dr. Samuel Peralta - Director:

Samuel Peralta has a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Wales; with business certificates from Rotman School of Management and the Schulich School of Business. He brings technical continuity to OPEL's board, with industry-recognized expertise in communications, inspection and robotics, in mobile software and hardware, and business transformation. Dr. Peralta is also currently business director for Kinectrics Inc. and sits on the board of directors of Windrift Bay Limited.

John F. O'Donnell - Director:

Mr. O’Donnell earned a BA (Economics) and a LLB and has practiced law in the City of Toronto since 1973. He is currently counsel to Stikeman Keeley Spiegel Pasternack LLP. His practice is primarily in the field of corporate and securities law and, as such, he is and has been counsel to several publicly traded companies. Mr. O’Donnell is currently also a director of RX Gold & Silver Inc. and Nerium Biotechnology Inc.

Chris Tsiofas - Director:

Mr. Tsiofas earned a Bachelor’s of Commerce Degree from the University of Toronto in 1991 and has been a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Ontario since 1993. He is a partner with the Toronto Chartered Accountancy firm of Myers Tsiofas Norheim LLP. Mr. Tsiofas has also been involved as an operating partner in various private enterprises over the years and is able to offer managerial and operational insight.

Dr. Adam Chowaniec - Director:

He was previously the founding Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Chairman of Tundra Semiconductor (acquired by Integrated Device Technology), Chairman of Zarlink (acquired by Microsemi), and Chairman of Bel Air Networks (acquired by Ericsson). Previously, he was President and CEO of Calmos Systems, acquired by Newbridge Networks and renamed Newbridge Microsystems, where he served as President and as a Vice President of Newbridge Networks. He has also served on the boards of SiberCore Technologies, Liquid Computing, Microbridge, GEAC and Amiga. He currently serves on the boards of Solantro Semiconductor. Dr. Chowaniec holds an M.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from Queen's University, as well as both a B.Sc. and a Ph.D. from the University of Sheffield. In 2010, he was recognized by the California Computer Museum as one of the founding fathers of the personal computer.

Dr. Geoff Taylor - Director:

He is Chief Scientist at OPEL and has led development of the Planar Optoelectronic Technology (POET) platform over the past two decades, directing a focused team at the ODIS subsidiary of OPEL. Dr. Taylor possesses an extraordinary technical background made-up of 30 years of design and development experience in electronic and optical device physics, circuit design, opto-electronic technology, materials and applications. He is concurrently a Professor of Electrical Engineering and Photonics at the University of Connecticut and is responsible for ODIS’ development efforts at the gallium arsenide (GaAs) growth and fabrication facility. With over 150 papers in the world’s most respected journals, and dozens of patents, Dr. Taylor is widely regarded as the world's leading authority on GaAs solid-state physics, III-V opto-technology, as well as the pioneer in the development of monolithic integrated opto-electronic circuits.

Previously, Dr. Taylor served as a Distinguished Member of the technical staff at AT&T Bell Labs, developing inversion channel technology for III-V materials. At Honeywell and Texas Instruments he helped to develop critical optical technology for the Jupiter Orbital Probe as well as the development of key circuits and devices for very-large-scale-integrated (VLSI) chips. Dr. Taylor holds a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering and an M.A.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Toronto and a B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from Queen’s University.

Profile of Professor Geoffrey W. Taylor:

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering:

Office: ITE Building 459
Phone: (860) 486-2666
Email: gwt@engr.uconn.edu

B.Sc., Electrical Engineering, Queens University, Kingston, Ont., 1966
M.A.Sc., Electrical Enginering, Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, Ont., 1968
Ph.D., Electrical Enginering, Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, Ont., 1972

Research Interests:
Background in the areas of materials, devices and circuits for microelectronics. Early work in material defects, MOS device modeling, and circuit performance of Si based VLSI technology. Interests in the device limitations, the circuit configurations and the systems problems associated with VLSI. Translation of Si inversion channel device concepts to III-V systems for optoelectronics. Development of FET and bipolar devices in heterostructure systems. Research on optoelectronic devices includes detectors, lasers, amplifiers, modulators and passive optical devices. Current interest is in the implementation of optoelectronic integrated circuits ?IC? that combines the functions of optical and electronic devices in a single chip, infrared imaging and THz detection. Applications are circuits and subsystems for optical interconnect, optical computing, optical signal processors, and RF analog photonic systems such as phased array radars and wireless communication systems. Particular emphasis on the development of optoelectronic switches for new circuit functions such as high speed AD and DA, VCO, PLL and logic blocks. Targeted applications are DWDM systems for metro access, photonic switching systems for packet switching and optoelectronic interfaces for high speed memories, processors and networks.

Modeling of laser diodes, Vertical Cavity Lasers, intersubband absorption, photoluminecence. ultra high speed electronic devices, rare earth doped lasers, THz device physics.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS)
SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

Archival Technical Journal Publications:

"A Thyristor-Based Photoreceiver Based on the Dual-Channel Double-Heterostructure Optoelectronic Switch"
(with H. Opper), IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 40, pp. 1074-1086, 2004.

"Characterization of the Switching Parameters in the Dual-Channel Double Heterostructure Optoelectronic Switch"
(with H. Opper, J. Cai, R. B. Garber and R. Basilica), IEEE Transactions on Electronic Devices, Vol. 51, pp. 1091-1094, 2004.

"Derivation of the Switch-On Parameters in the Dual Channel Double Heterostructure Optoelectronic Switch"
(with H. Opper, J. Cai, R. B. Garber and R. Basilica), Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 96, pp. 7612-7624, 2004.

"Correlation of Theory with Experimental SOA's"
(with W. Zheng), IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. , No. , pp. , May, 2005.

"Microwave Magnetic Properties of Co50/(SiO2)50 Nanoparticles"
(with M. Wu, Y.D. Zhang, S. Hui, T.D. Xiao, S. Ge and J.I. Budnick), Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 80. No. 23, pp. 4404-4406.

* * *

Patents awarded to Geoff W Taylor, OPEL & Uconn:


Patents awarded to OPEL, Inc:

List of Patents for OPEL/ODIS & Dr. Taylor & Uconn:

* * *

What is so interesting about POET Technologies Inc?!

- OPEL Technologies (TSXV: OPL) Completes $7.2 Million Private Placement:
POET Technologies Inc. closed an oversubscribed equity financing of $7.2 million in February 2013. This gives the company enough cash to continue to achieve technology milestones, as well as execute an aggressive public relations campaign in the months ahead.

- Over the past year, POET Technologies Inc. has strengthened its board of directors and has added technical expertise to the management team in order to maximize the value achieved by the monetization process.

- As part of a restructuring effort initiated in the summer of 2012, the company recently divested its solar business. The solar business had become unprofitable due to unfavourable solar industry conditions. The company’s resources are now completely focused toward developing and monetizing POET.

- An optoelectronic device using POET technology can potentially achieve estimated cost savings back to the manufacturer of 80% compared to the compound silicon devices that are widely used today. These cost savings alone could represent billions of dollars of market value to a company who acquires and implements the technology.

- POET Technologies Inc. announced in December 2012 the successful completion of its most important technological milestone to date: "Continuous Wave Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser Demonstration”. This milestone was a significant achievement in that all components are in place for on-chip integration of photonic circuits in the same semiconductor framework as electronic circuits. This is a key milestone in the acceleration of POET for commercial application.

- In March of 2013, POET Technologies announced radio frequency and microwave test results for complementary transistors fabricated using the POET process at BAE Systems’ lab in Nashua, New Hampshire. This milestone is the latest update on the POET development work being done in partnership with BAE Systems Electronic Solutions. BAE entered into a contract with ODIS Inc. (a U.S.subsidiary) in 2008 with the intent of replicating specific POET devices in a third-party environment at BAE Systems Reed Microelectronics Center. The validation work being done by BAE is a strong endorsement of the viability of POET as a commercially scalable technology.

- Research by McKinsey in 2011 indicates that, of the leading integrated device manufacturers, only Intel and Samsung have the resources to invest in manufacturing chips smaller than 22nm in the current silicon semiconductor world.

- According to the World Semiconductor Trade Statistics (WSTS), the global semiconductor market is expected to grow 4.5% during 2013 to $303 billion and 5.2% during 2014 to $319 billion.

- OPEL’s POET technology is applicable to a large portion of the total semiconductor market as it is possibly the most comprehensive solution yet to increasing semiconductor performance in an economic and functional manner. In the near term, POET could potentially address the following markets: (Source: Gartner, PWC)
* Optical semiconductor – $37.4 billion 2015 Forecast
* Sensors and actuators – $14.1 billion 2015 Forecast
* Analogue ICs – $55.9 billion 2015 Forecast
* Discrete semiconductor – $28.6 billion 2015 Forecast

- On June 27, 2013 another Milestone was reached, ahead of schedule!


OPEL's new and patented semiconductor fabrication process, POET (Planar Optoelectronic Technology), is based on a unique Group III-V materials structure. The POET materials structure is a four-layer, PNPN, electrical structure having two sets of independent quantum wells, and is specifically designed to support both active optical elements (laser, photoreceiver), and high-speed complementary HEMT and HBT transistors. This materials structure is realized as an epitaxy grown on a semi-insulating GaAs wafer. The processing of these wafers into products is done using a series of steps similar to those used in silicon processing, and is scalable to deep submicron feature sizes. POET device yield will thus be similar to that of silicon, much higher than that characteristic of many current III-V processes. This gives OPEL a technology basis that is uniquely powerful, that is economical to produce, and that is extensible in generations. Capitalizing on POET capabilities, OPEL will offer products into the communications, optoelectronic, RF/wireless, sensor, and imaging markets.

POET is a uniquely-powerful mixed-signal process, integrating high-performance analog and digital electronics with high-performance active optical elements. OPEL ICs integrate a dense mix of active optical elements and optical waveguides together with logic and mixed-signal elements on a single chip, thus manufactured in one serial process. The key elements integrated in the process, all simultaneously available for design, are: The Optical Thyristor (OT), Complementary HEMT and HBT devices, and Di-electric-Isolation.

Optical Thyristor:

The Optical Thyristor is a multiple-use device, and is the backbone of POET. The OT is a four-terminal device having both optical and electrical inputs and optical and electrical outputs. Depending on application and design, an OT can be a laser, optical amplifier, or photoreceiver, or may execute various electrical operations. An additional aspect of the POET OT is a process step that allows for emission and reception of light in-plane, parallel to the chip surface. Lasers and photoreceivers may either be designed with vertical emission, or use this step to have in-plane emission. This step allows on-chip optical interconnections, and also supports a low-cost multiple-fiber attachment system that OPEL has designed.

Various modifications of the basic POET epitaxial structure will support emission or reception at wavelengths of 980, 1310, or 1550 nm. OPEL's innovative structure and fabrication also provides detection and emission from the 3 to 20 m m band via the unique attributes of its quantum well structure.

OT Lasers:

POET lasers are of a third-generation fabrication using an implant confinement technique and have improved efficiency and reliability over the proton-confined and oxide-confined devices currently available. Either vertical emission, or in-plane emission may be employed, depending on design needs. When the in-plane feature is employed, vertical cavity lasers are formed in stripe geometries, and have end emission. Such vertical cavity traveling wave lasers have ratios of peripheral length to active area much higher than conventional circular VCSELs, dissipating power more readily, and resulting in higher reliability components of longer life. All POET lasers can be driven by a logic voltage signal, further lowering power requirements and increasing efficiency. Wall plug efficiency will exceed 50%.

OT Photoreceivers:

As photoreceivers, OTs have high sensitivity, are self-contained, and do not require TIAs (TransImpedance Amplifiers) to produce usable outputs. Incident light of adequate intensity will produce a direct electrical logic signal. Analog amplification and thresholding is not required in OPEL OT photoreceivers. All optical OT structures can be made selectively as lasers or photoreceivers, further adding to POET IC flexibility. The in-plane emission feature of POET allows easy connection to on-chip passive waveguides. This waveguide technology features enlarged waveguide apertures to facilitate ease of coupling to single mode fibers with very low device insertion loss. This feature is also key to OPEL's low-cost multiple fiber attachment technology via waveguides. OPEL has devised a packaging technology to match this horizontal I/O coupling, further maintaining the cost-effective approach.

OT Electrical Applications:

The optical thyristor can also act as an electronic device in storage, logic and millimeter-wave oscillator applications. OTs can form single-device static RAM cells, and can be designed for bistable logic uses (flip-flops). An OT with an optical cavity forms a uniquely low-noise voltage controlled oscillator. OTs acting as comparators are the heart of our ultra high speed A/D converter designs.

POET Transistors:

POET transistors suit a wide range of high-performance needs. Electronic designs can be performed using an arbitrary mix of complementary Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors (HBT), or unique complementary High Electron Mobility Transistors (CHEMT).

Complementary HEMT Transistors:

The POET process offers both p-channel and n-channel HEMT devices with complementary threshold voltages. These devices are usable in both low-noise RF applications and in very high-speed low power logic. Complementary HEMT logic has a speed-power ratio similar to that of silicon CMOS, owing to the higher mobility of the HEMT structure, and can form very low power logic running at speeds to over 100 GHz. This allows the integration of dense logic circuitry with low power, high speed, and small size. This allows any mix of analog circuits and logic circuits to be included in an IC, design, when such integration can improve system performance.

Complementary HBT Transistors:

Complementary HBT devices operate in various analog and RF applications into the Terahertz range.

Dielectric Isolation:

One of the POET design elements supporting effective optoelectronic integration is its high-quality dielectric isolation. DI "islands" are formed by deep trench etch through the entire epitaxial structure into the substrate. Under each active "island" is a layer of oxide produced in the process step in which the lower mirrors are formed. The electrical coupling path between such dielectric "islands" is through the oxide of one region, through a semi-insulating substrate, then through the oxide of another island. This DI produces a much higher isolation than the reverse-junction and deep trench isolations of silicon, and is essentially a free product of the POET process.

This high-quality isolation is a principal factor in our being able to produce mixed -signal designs such as optoelectronic transceivers. Without this isolation, a typical implementation problem is a resulting crosstalk between the more sensitive receive section and the higher-powered transmit section. POET DI greatly reduces such a problem and allows OPEL to produce such integrated designs.

POET-Based IC designs:

OPEL integrated circuits contain combinations of optical and electronic devices designed to meet specific application, and are manufactured in the POET process. Designs are all fabricated using the same POET process, then tested, optically and electrically, as one single manufactured unit, minimizing cost. All of the elements of OT lasers, OT photoreceivers, OT logic circuits, optical interconnect, HBT transistors, HEMT transistors and dielectric isolation are useable in any number and combination, as the design requires, just as in any other semiconductor process.

This makes POET far and away the most powerful, versatile optoelectronic mixed signal process in existence.

- The Company is seeking to monetize the revolutionary POET platform.
(In Part 3 of the POET Presentation they expect to see +- $1 Billion $$ & this would equate to +- $6.6/share. Liquidation event!)

"Despise the enemy strategically, but take him seriously tactically."
Mao Tse-Tung
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