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Friday, June 04, 2010 6:28:46 AM

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ASCO General Poster Session 06/05,2010

Session: Leukemia, Myelodysplasia, and Transplantation

Type: General Poster Session

Time: Saturday June 5, 8:00 AM to 12:00 PM

Location: S Hall A2


Long-term outcomes of responders in a randomized, controlled phase II trial of aptamer AS1411 in AML.

Sub-category: Leukemia

Category: Leukemia, Myelodysplasia, and Transplantation

Meeting: 2010 ASCO Annual Meeting

Citation: J Clin Oncol 28:7s, 2010 (suppl; abstr 6557)

Abstract No: 6557

Author(s): D. Rizzieri, K. Stockerl-Goldstein, A. Wei, R. H. Herzig, F. Erlandsson, R. K. Stuart; Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC; Washington University, St Louis, MO; The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Brown Cancer Center, Louisville, KY; Antisoma Research Ltd., London, United Kingdom; Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC


Background: AS1411 is the most advanced aptamer in oncology clinical development. It targets nucleolin, a protein upregulated on the surface of cancer cells. Data from a phase II study of AS1411 in relapsed and refractory AML were reported at ASCO 2009. In this update, we report follow-up data for the responders in the study. Methods: This randomized, multicenter phase II trial compared AS1411 plus high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC) to HiDAC alone as treatment for relapsed (=3 previous lines of therapy) or refractory AML. Patients in cohort I were randomized 2:1 to receive AS1411 10 mg/kg/day IV CI days 1-7 + HiDAC 1.5 g/m2 bid days 4-7 (AS1411-10), or HiDAC alone for 4 days (control). Following safety assessment, a second cohort was randomized to receive AS1411 40 mg/kg/day + HiDAC (AS1411-40) or HiDAC alone. Objectives were comparison of response rates (CR+CRp), safety and tolerability between groups. For this analysis, we collected data on post-remission therapy (PRT) and overall survival (OS) among responders. Results: 71 patients were randomized: 22 to AS1411-10, 26 to AS1411-40 and 23 to control. 67 patients were evaluable for safety (AS1411-10, 21; AS1411 40, 25; control, 21). Grade 3 and 4 toxicities were similar across all groups: febrile neutropenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and infections. Deaths within 28 days of treatment were: AS1411-10, 1/21; AS1411-40, 2/25; and control, 3/21. 59 patients were evaluable for response; AS1411-10, 21% (4CR/19); AS1411-40, 19% (2CR+2CRp/21); and control, 5% (1CRp/19). PRT and OS data for responding patients are tabulated. Conclusions: This phase II trial suggested that addition of AS1411 to cytarabine may enhance anti-leukemic activity and that the combination has an acceptable safety profile in patients with relapsed and refractory AML. Follow-up suggests substantial survival durations in some patients responding to AS1411 + cytarabine. A phase IIb study is now evaluating responses, duration of responses and survival in AML patients randomized to AS1411 + cytarabine or cytarabine alone.
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