For the Record - Past Litigation Involving Investors Hub
Medytox Solutions, Inc., et al. vs. Investorshub.com, Inc.
Summary: Medytox, Seamus Lagan and William G. Forhan sued iHub in Florida
state court for refusing their demand to remove third-party content. Medytox
pursued this action despite their attorney's acknowledgement of binding legal precedent
that required dismissal of their lawsuit. They argued that Section 230 of the
Communications Decency Act did not bar injunctive relief, despite the very plain
language of the statute and substantial legal precedent to that effect. After
losing twice in the trial court, Medytox appealed. The Florida Fourth District Court
of Appeal found in favor of iHub. Medytox then petitioned the Florida Supreme Court
to review the decision, which was denied.
Having been twice denied by the trial court, followed by the Court of Appeals and then
the Florida Supreme Court, Medytox then filed a petition with the United States Supreme
Court to review the case. Their petition suggested that court decisions in the Seventh
and Ninth Circuits are split from Florida (and other Federal circuits) on the issue of Section
230 immunity encompassing declaratory relief actions. To the contrary, no such split
exists; the misconstrued decisions cited by Medytox failed to address the question before the
Court. In October 2015, the United States Supreme Court denied certiorari of Medytox's
application for review.
Following is the Medytox train wreck in slow motion, including all appellate briefs
Circuit Court, 17th Judicial Circuit, Broward County, Florida
Case No. 1304498
Motion to Dismiss is Granted. Medytox is allowed 20 days to amend their
Update: On 6/19/2013 Medytox filed an amended complaint in which they raised
the same statutorily barred claims as their original complaint, which was dismissed,
and added a claim for injunctive relief. In response, iHub moved for dismissal as
Medytox failed to correct any of the fatal flaws that resulted in the prior dismissal.
Outcome: On 7/18/2013 iHub's Motion to Dismiss is Granted With Prejudice.
Court of Appeal, Fourth District, Florida
Case No. 4D13-3469 (LT 13004498)
MEDYTOX SOLUTIONS, INC., Seamus Lagan and William G. Forhan, Appellants,
INVESTORSHUB.COM, INC., Appellee
152 So.3d 727 (2014)
Outcome: On 12/03/2014 the District Court of Appeal for the Fourth District
of Florida issued an Opinion which Affirmed the decision in favor of iHub. The
Appeal Court found that the immunity afforded to interactive computer services by
Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act encompasses claims for declaratory
and injunctive relief such as those sought in this case. In its opinion, the Appeal Court concluded:
"The statute [Section 230] precludes not only “liability,” but also causes of action
for other forms of relief based upon any State or local law inconsistent with section
230. An action to force a website to remove content on the sole basis that
the content is defamatory is necessarily treating the website as a publisher, and is
therefore inconsistent with section 230. Thus, by the plain language of the statute,
the immunity afforded by section 230 encompasses the claims for declaratory and
injunctive relief sought in this case."
Florida Supreme Court:
Case No. SC15-1 (4D13-3469, 062013CA004498AXXXCE)
United States Supreme Court:
Case No. 15-6
Outcome: On 10/05/2015 the United States Supreme Court denied Medytox's application for
totally foreseeable outcome before the
ever brought the original action.
Media, Academia and Other Jurisprudence