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Palladium Futures Index ($PALL)

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Last Post: 12/12/2017 1:24:29 PM - Followers: 6 - Board type: Free - Posts Today: 0

 Palladium Futures Index

Symbol Pd

A soft, ductile, steel-white, tarnish-resistant, metallic element occurring naturally with platinum, especially in gold, nickel, and copper ores. Because it can absorb large amounts of hydrogen, it is used as a purification filter for hydrogen and a catalyst in hydrogenation. It is alloyed for use in electric contacts, jewelry, nonmagnetic watch parts, and surgical instruments. Atomic number 46; atomic weight 106.4; melting point 1,552?C; boiling point 3,140?C; specific gravity 12.02 (20?C); valence 2, 3, 4.



Chemical symbol
Atomic number
Atomic weight
Crystal structure
Melting point
Boiling point
Vickers hardness No (annealed condition)
Electrical resistivity
Thermal conductivity
Tensile strength
Electronic configuration


Face-centered cubic
3,140° C
9.93 microhm.cm at 0° C
76 watts/meter/°C
17 kg/mm2


Origin and history

The origin and history of palladium are closely linked to those of platinum and the rest of the PGMs. Although PGMs are regarded as a "new" metals in their present form, they have a long history. Ancient Egyptians and Pre-Columbian Indian civilizations already valued PGMs alloys as very important elements. The "modern" discovery of these metals is attributed to Spanish conquerors in the 17th century. Actually the name platinum was given by the Spanish word, platina, meaning little silver. Spaniards had discovered alluvial deposits of the rare white metal when they were mining gold in the Choco region in Colombia. Paradoxically, they considered it as a nuisance for mining gold.

W. H. Wollaston, a British chemist, discovered palladium in 1803. It was named after the asteroid "Pallas" which was discovered at about the same time and from the Greek name "Pallas", goddess of wisdom. The techniques used by Wollaston in the separation of PGMs are considered to be the basis for modern PGMs metallurgy.

The production of PGMs requires very complex processing techniques that were not available until the end of the 19th century. Moreover, the high melting points of PGMs were an additional obstacle to work with them. It was only with the development of new refining techniques that these metals were more widely used for new industrial applications.

The importance of palladium, based on its catalytic properties, increased considerably since the 1970s when demand for autocatalysts grew, thanks to the introduction of automotive emission standards in the developed countries. However, during the nineties, use of palladium in autocatalyst soared, since it replaced more expensive and less efficient platinum and emission standards tightened all over the world. Due to the remarkable increase in palladium prices in the late nineties and 2000, preference for palladium in autocatalysts is being reversed.

One of the most important obstacles for a more widespread use of palladium in its history has been its limited supply. At present time, production of palladium is concentrated in a few areas in the world, mainly in the Russian Federation and South Africa. This concentration of production fills the market with uncertainties concerning prices and availability of supply.  


Palladium is a very rare precious metal. In nature it is generally found as part of the so-called Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) and together with other metals such as gold, nickel or copper. The PGMs are Platinum (Pt), Palladium (Pd), Rhodium (Rh), Ruthenium (Ru), Iridium (Ir) and Osmium (Os). They are classified under one heading due to their similar chemical and physical properties and because they are often found together. PGM are called also the noble metals as a result of their superior ability to withstand oxidation and corrosion. Platinum and palladium are the major metals of the Platinum Group. Although palladium is mined with platinum and is similar to it in many aspects, there are important differences between the two metals.

Palladium is a scarce and costly metal and, as the other PGMs, it shows unusual properties. The specific chemical and physical properties of this metal are of essential use for a number of different industrial applications. Like platinum, palladium is widely used in "green" applications, particularly in catalysts for the automobile industry. However, its market is very tiny and prices are extremely volatile.

Description/Technical Characteristics

Palladium is the least dense and lowest melting of the Platinum Group Metals. It is a silver-white metal and does not tarnish in air. When annealed, it is soft and ductile. Cold working greatly increases its strength and hardness. It resists high temperature corrosion and oxidation but it is attacked by nitric and sulfuric acid. Palladium has been named the "amazing soaking sponge" because at room temperature it has the unusual property of absorbing up to 900 times its own volume of hydrogen. Hydrogen readily diffuses through heated palladium and this provides a means of purifying the gas. Finely divided it is a good catalyst and is used for hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions.







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#108   $PALL flirting w/$1000 oz. Pro-Life 12/12/17 01:24:29 PM
#107   A monstrous 2 year run continues... Pro-Life 11/24/17 12:55:53 PM
#106   Palladium Suddenly Spikes To 16-Year Highs Pro-Life 09/01/17 07:30:53 PM
#105   PRECIOUS-Palladium Surges 7% to Highest in 16 Years; Pro-Life 06/12/17 06:14:27 AM
#104   Weekly chart looks really solid... Pro-Life 04/18/17 09:12:23 PM
#103   And that chart pattern continues bullish... Pro-Life 02/19/17 09:25:49 AM
#102   $PALL has a tremendouly bullish chart: Pro-Life 01/04/17 11:33:45 AM
#101   Merry Christmas... Pro-Life 12/25/16 05:02:52 AM
#100   Copper/Palladium and base metals... Pro-Life 11/22/16 05:22:06 AM
#99   FUD supporting metals/semi-precious metals... Pro-Life 11/06/16 08:28:35 AM
#98   The uptrend continues for the PM/Semi-precious metals. Pro-Life 08/16/16 08:40:03 AM
#97   Trying to reach new highs for the year... Pro-Life 07/08/16 11:08:39 AM
#96   Buy zone again??? Pro-Life 05/22/16 01:43:18 PM
#94   New high for the year in today's action... Pro-Life 03/21/16 03:14:07 PM
#93   Still no change... Pro-Life 01/30/16 06:12:18 PM
#92   What a sick plunge from summer of last year... Pro-Life 11/28/15 09:29:59 PM
#91   An amazing week for a beat down metal... +8.64% Pro-Life 09/27/15 12:06:44 AM
#90   Nothing new... Pro-Life 09/03/15 06:23:27 PM
#89   Metals in collapse mode...manipulated, of course... Pro-Life 07/19/15 12:37:08 AM
#88   Another new multi year closing low... $PALL Pro-Life 06/21/15 06:15:34 PM
#87   Best performing metal of all in the last Pro-Life 06/11/15 08:49:11 PM
#86   Metals hit HARD... ouch. Pro-Life 04/22/15 07:00:42 PM
#85   Shorted down $100 is crazy good but I Pro-Life 04/08/15 03:13:15 PM
#84   Nothing has really changed in a month. Pro-Life 01/31/15 12:27:19 AM
#83   $PALL falling lately but a huge reversal correction/bounce Pro-Life 01/21/15 09:41:50 AM
#82   Bill Gates Sponsoring Palladium-Based LENR Technology Pro-Life 12/24/14 07:04:27 AM
#81   $PALL has a great day... Pro-Life 12/09/14 08:44:10 PM
#80   In the world of palladium stocks... The Turnaround Pro-Life 11/25/14 01:43:14 PM
#79   What a move off the bottom in PGM's... Pro-Life 11/08/14 02:18:41 AM
#78   What a difference 60 days makes... There is Pro-Life 10/06/14 04:14:31 PM
#77   $PALL at fresh multi-year highs!!! Pro-Life 08/30/14 11:20:43 PM
#76   Palladium Bull Market Is Here To Stay; Pro-Life 07/06/14 08:29:28 PM
#75   $PALL NON STOP BULL, BABY!!! Pro-Life 07/04/14 08:03:50 PM
#74   Holy cow... This is great for the bulls!!! Pro-Life 05/22/14 04:11:17 PM
#73   $PALL, wowzerz, another great week: Pro-Life 05/16/14 10:12:02 PM
#72   How things change... the trend is cemented upward!!! $PALL Pro-Life 05/14/14 11:57:26 PM
#71   $PALL another huge drop today... Pro-Life 04/21/14 11:35:11 AM
#70   The weekly chart looks primed for a huge Pro-Life 02/23/14 07:17:21 PM
#69   Today on Kitco… BMO: Auto Sales Support Top Pro-Life 12/11/13 04:21:10 PM
#68   $PALL touching the MA200... up from here? Pro-Life 09/02/13 01:18:16 PM
#67   The charts show resilience in $PALL. Pro-Life 08/18/13 10:49:42 AM
#66   The bottom is in for the sector... Pro-Life 07/11/13 10:50:58 PM
#65   Palladium has held up better than any metal Pro-Life 06/29/13 10:01:00 PM
#64   This year has not been kind to metals... Pro-Life 06/16/13 04:04:25 PM
#63   Bullish news keeps rolling in... Pro-Life 01/30/13 11:17:24 PM
#62   Focus: Palladium Surges To 16-Month High; Analysts See Pro-Life 01/29/13 12:24:57 AM
#61   It broke all right... Onward!!! Pro-Life 01/24/13 04:43:41 AM
#60   $700 is the mark to beat and hold... Pro-Life 12/31/12 02:06:52 AM
#59   Link to videos on Palladium: Pro-Life 12/06/12 01:36:54 PM
#58   Radomski: Platinum & Palladium - A Nice Addition Pro-Life 11/21/12 04:30:34 PM