Test Your Money Personality
Like almost everything else in life, your response to money is largely dictated by your personality. But have you given much thought to how you behave in regard to your finances and how that behavior affects your bottom line? Understanding your money personality is the first step and will help you shape your approach to spending, saving and investing. So whats your money personality? Read on to find out.
Whats Your Type?
Money personalities have been analyzed in a variety of ways and many people can identify with aspects of several profiles. They key is to find the profile that most closely matches your behavior. The major profiles are: big spenders, savers, shoppers, debtors and investors.
• Big Spenders
Big spenders love nice cars, new gadgets and brand-name clothing. Big spenders arent bargain shoppers; they are fashionable and they are looking to make a statement. This often means a desire to have the smallest cell phone, the biggest plasma TV and a beautiful home. When it comes to keeping up the Joneses, big spenders are the Joneses. They are comfortable spending money, dont fear debt and often take big risks when investing.
Savers are the exact opposite of big spenders. They turn off the lights when leaving the room, close the refrigerator door quickly to keep in the cold, shop only when necessary, and rarely make purchases with credit cards. They generally have no debts and are often viewed as cheapskates. Savers are not concerned about following the latest trends, and they derive more satisfaction from reading the interest on a bank statement than from acquiring something new. Savers are conservative by nature and dont take big risks with their investments .
Shoppers derive great emotional satisfaction from spending money. They often cant resist spending money, even if its to purchase items they dont need. Shoppers are usually aware of their addiction to spending and are even concerned about the debt that it creates. They look for bargains and are pleased when they get a good deal. Shoppers will often shop to entertain themselves, even if the items they buy go unused.
Shoppers are an eclectic bunch when it comes to investing. Some invest on a regular basis through 401(k) plans and other automatic investments and may even invest a portion of any sudden windfalls such as bonuses or inheritance money, while others view investing as something they will get to later on. (To learn more, read Seven Common Financial Mistakes.)
Debtors arent trying to make a statement with their expenditures, and they dont shop to entertain or cheer themselves up. They simply dont spend much time thinking about their money and therefore dont keep tabs on what they spend and where they spend it. Debtors generally spend more than they earn and are deeply in debt and they dont put much thought into investing. Similarly, they often fail to even take advantage of the company match in their 401(k) plans . (For more, check out Digging Out Of Personal Debt.)
Investors are consciously aware of money. They understand their financial situations and try to put their money to work. Regardless of their current financial standing, investors tend to seek a day when passive investments will provide sufficient income to cover all of their bills. Their actions are driven by careful decision making, and their investments reflect the need to take a certain amount of risk in pursuit of their goals. (To learn more about how investors think, read The Successful Investment Journey.)
Advice for Your Personality
Once you recognize yourself in one of these profiles and have put some thought into how you approach money, its time to see what you can do to make the most of what you have. Sometimes making just small changes can yield big results.
• Spenders: Shop a Little Less, Save a Little More
If you love to spend, you are going to keep doing it, but you should seek long-term value, not just short-term satisfaction. Before you splurge on something expensive or trendy, ask yourself how much that purchase is going to mean to you in a year. If the answer is not much, skip the purchase. In this way, you can try to limit your spending to things youll actually use.
When you channel your energy into saving, you have another opportunity to think long term. Look for slow and steady gains as opposed to high-risk, quick-win scenarios. If you really want to challenge yourself, consider the merits of scaling back. (Downsize Your Home To Downsize Expenses and The Disposable Society: An Expensive Place To Live.)
• Savers: Use Moderation
Ben Franklin once recommended moderation in all things. For a saver, this is particularly good advice. Dont let all of the fun parts of life pass you by just to save a few pennies.
Tune up your savings efforts too. Pinching pennies is not enough. While minimizing risk is any investors prime goal, minimizing risk while maximizing return is the key to investing success. (For more on how to do this in your portfolio, read Asset Allocation Strategies and Achieving Optimal Asset Allocation.)
• Shoppers: Dont Spend Money You Dont Have
A critical step for shoppers is to take control of their credit cards. Unchecked credit card interest can wreak havoc on your finances , so think before you spend - particularly if you need a credit card to make the purchase. (To learn more, read Take Control Of Your Credit Cards and Understanding Credit Card Interest.)
Try to focus your efforts on saving your money. Learn the philosophy behind successful savings plans and try to incorporate some of those philosophies into your own. If spending is something you use to compensate for other areas of your life that you feel are lacking, think about what these might be and work on changing them.
• Debtors: Start Investing
If you are a debtor, you need to get your finances in order and set up a plan to start investing. You may not be able to do it alone, so getting some help is probably a good idea. Deciding on who will guide your investments is an important choice, so choose any investment professional carefully. (To find out more, see Invest In Spite Of Debt.)
• Investors: Keep Up the Good Work
Congratulations! Financially speaking, you are doing great! Keep doing what you are doing, and continue to educate yourself. (To see if you are on track to achieve post-work bliss, read A Pre-Retirement Checkup.)
Knowledge is Power
While you may not be able to change your personality, you can acknowledge it and address the challenges that it presents. Managing your money involves self awareness; knowing where you stand will allow you to modify your behavior to achieve your desired outcome.