Water tapped from trees taking off
ROCKVILLE, MD. — Water producers are blurring boundaries between juice and water by infusing their products with plant-based components, such as fruits and vegetables and, more recently, tree-tapped ingredients, according to Packaged Facts’ U.S. Beverage Market Outlook 2019.
“Consumers are looking for plant-based alternatives across most food and beverage categories,” Packaged Facts said. “In most cases, this is driven by a desire for healthier sources of protein or to suit vegan, vegetarian and flexitarian diets.”
Following the widespread adoption of coconut water, several beverage manufacturers are seeking to replicate coconut water’s success by tapping into trees for new nutritious water varieties.
“Maple and birch sap are yielding water that is being packaged and marketed by a growing number of companiesDrinkSimple maple water,” Packaged Facts said. “In addition to flavor, proponents are pushing the drinks as healthy with functional benefits and as more sustainable than typical waters.”
For example, Drink Simple offers maple water tapped from maple trees that is “naturally alkaline and contains electrolytes, antioxidants and prebiotics,” the company said. Flavors include original maple, raspberry lemon and grapefruit.
“Maple water is water tapped from maple trees that is packed with nutrients that fuel the tree and can fuel you,” Drink Simple said. “Maple water is more hydrating than water with half the sugar of coconut water.”
Sap!, maker of plant-based sparkling beverages, uses 100% maple and birch sap sourced from Vermont to create its sparkling birch water, maple soda and maple seltzer. The company claims its products contain nutrients and antioxidants that help boost immunity, fight fatigue and reduce inflammation.
Asarasi, named after the Latin word for maple, sells Sparkling Tree Water sourced from maple trees positioned as a more sustainable choice than typical bottled water. The company was one of eight selected for Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc.'s Chipotle Asarasi Sparkling Tree WaterAluminaries Project accelerator program in January. Asarasi's bubbly beverages come in four varieties: natural, lemon, lime and cherry lime.
“Asarasi Sparkling Tree Water is harmlessly and sustainably harvested from one of the only known renewable sources for pure water on earth: the maple tree,” Asarasi said. “Maple sap is 97% pure plant-based water. When the tree is tapped for its saps, the maple sugars are completely removed from the saps, leaving behind a crisp and refreshing tree-filtered water.”
Whole Foods selling bottled water contaminated with dangerous levels of arsenic
One could not make this up, "Healthy" Whole Foods
The tap water is undrinkable in many areas thanks to aging infrastructure and other issues, leaving people who don’t have a filtration system little choice but to purchase bottled water. However, if you’re buying bottled water at Whole Foods, you may not be avoiding as many toxins as you think, as studies have found dangerous levels of arsenic in one of its popular water brands.
An investigation by Consumer Reports found that 11 of 130 brands tested had detectable amounts of arsenic, which means they could be dangerous to drink regularly. Six of the brands had levels exceeding 3 parts per billion, including Whole Foods’ Starkey brand as well as Danone’s Volvic, Crystal Geyser Alpine Spring Water, Keurig Dr. Pepper’s Peñafiel, and two regional brands, EartH20 and Crystal Creamery.
One of the waters, Peñafiel, averaged a concerning 18.1 parts per billion. Whole Foods’ Starkey Water, meanwhile, which is marketed as being water in its “natural state,” was right at federal limits at roughly 10.1 parts per billion.
Why is arsenic in water so concerning?
Arsenic is natural in the sense that it’s a trace element found in rocks and sediment, but that doesn’t mean that it’s safe to consume. It can naturally contaminate groundwater due to mining, agricultural runoff, or geological activity. Long-term exposure to arsenic has been linked to a higher risk of some types of cancer as well as diabetes and high blood pressure.
Young people in particular should avoid these types of water as arsenic has also been linked to intellectual development impairment in those who were exposed to it early in life.
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Whole Foods won’t clean up its water
While Keurig Dr. Pepper responded to the troubling findings by suspending bottled water production in the Mexican facility where it is processed to improve filtration, Whole Foods is not being as quick to do something about the dangerous chemical in its water. They maintain that their own tests show that the water meets FDA standards and claim they’d never sell products that fail to meet FDA requirements. However, this isn’t the first time they’ve had an arsenic problem; Starkey had to recall 2,000 cases of water in late 2016 and early 2017 because its arsenic levels exceeded the federal threshold.
Even if it did regularly adhere to federal guidelines, some public health experts and officials have expressed concerns that the federal threshold is simply too high. Some states actually have lower levels. For example, New Jersey only allows up to 5 parts per billion of arsenic in tap water, although it uses the federal limit for bottled water.
Scientists enlisted by Consumer Reports said they believe the threshold should be 3 parts per billion. This is partly because water is only one way in which we are exposed to arsenic in everyday life; it can also be found in air, plants and foods like rice and fruit juice. Given all the means of exposure that we can’t really control, it’s not smart to allow so much of it in bottled water when there are ways to remove it.
Consumer Reports’ Ryan Felton said: “It really makes no sense that consumers can purchase bottled water that is less safe than tap water.”
If you must drink bottled water, check out the brand’s water quality report, which should be available online; ask the company directly for a copy if you can’t find it. Check online from time to time for independent tests of the brand you drink to make sure the quality doesn’t drop, or consider having it tested yourself.
This is just another reminder that despite its health-conscious marketing, not everything sold at Whole Foods is a safe bet as far your health is concerned. It’s bad enough that their water contains such high arsenic levels, but their dismissive attitude toward Consumer Reports’ finding is even more worrying.
Total Planetary Collapse: The World’s Vertebrate Population Has Fallen By An Average Of 60 Percent Since 1970
'Day zero' water crises: Spain, Morocco, India and Iraq at risk as reservoirs shrink
4 graphs in the link>>>
World drought map>>>>>
WTH?!?!? Insanity gone wild!!!
Here's why New Mexico's oil boom is raising a lot of questions about water
Massive oil drilling rigs stretch across the horizon here like giant carnival rides — 85 in all, lighting the night sky across two counties that sit atop one of the biggest fossil fuel deposits in the nation.
Southeastern New Mexico has long been a modest producer of oil, but the advent of fracking technology a decade ago turned it into hot property for drillers. Only Texas and North Dakota now extract more oil, and New Mexico is gaining.
Production grew 30% last year to 565,000 barrels a day, almost all of it from the state's portion of the Permian Basin surrounding Carlsbad. Billions of barrels more remain to be tapped in shale deposits 2 miles deep.
Producing massive quantities of one resource requires extreme care for another: water. The risk that fracking can contaminate water supplies and cause other harm has been well documented, from Wyoming to Pennsylvania. But experts say that nowhere is that risk greater than in southeast New Mexico.
"Conditions here are unique," said Ed Martin, assistant commissioner in the New Mexico State Land Office, which manages nearly 2 million acres of state land for energy production. "The volumes of water the industry uses are so prolific. The disposal problems are more pronounced. The potential for something to go wrong is higher."
Fracking involves injecting a torrent of chemicals, sand and millions of gallons of water into wells under ultra-high pressure to crack formations of fuel-saturated shale. The high pressures can damage well casings, causing ruptures that leak. And the process generates huge amounts of liquid waste that must be transported for disposal or recycling.
Raising the danger in New Mexico is the area's distinctive geology. Underlying the region are thick beds of salt, which abut the porous limestone formations that hold much of the region's drinking water.
The geology is so uncommon that in 1923 the United States established an underground national park, Carlsbad Caverns, to make nearly 47,000 acres of magnificent limestone caves permanently available for bat habitat and human exploration.
The massive salt formations also make an ideal place to store radioactive waste from atomic weapons production. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, the nation's only permanent nuclear waste repository, is located 2,150 feet underground.
Drilling for oil in New Mexico involves specialized practices.
The state and the federal Bureau of Land Management, which oversees 3 million acres and thousands of wells in southeast New Mexico, require three layers of steel and cement casing around wells to prevent ruptures in porous limestone.
Drilling through the limestone requires fresh water to prevent contamination of drinking water. But drilling through salt requires brine, because fresh water would dissolve the salt formations and would make wells structurally unstable.
Either way, drilling unearths massive quantities of fluid known as "produced water" that must be drained from the wells. Each day, 115 million gallons of it is brought up to the surface and trucked or piped across the oilfield.
About half is treated and recycled, and the other half injected into 721 wastewater wells meant for permanent disposal of the fluid.
Fracking the wells to release the oil requires more water — 34 million gallons for a single well just under 2 miles deep, according to the state. Nearly half comes back to the surface, and most of that is injected into the waste wells.
With wells being drilled at a record pace — there are currently 26,000, with 600 new ones being added each year — the risk is continually increasing. Studies conducted by the federal Bureau of Land Management show that oil and toxic materials from a big spill or leak could move quickly and contaminate thousands of acres of underground aquifers that supply the region's drinking water.
"New Mexico's Permian Basin has a 50-year supply of oil," said Aubrey Dunn, the state land commissioner. "We need to be careful to make sure we have a 50-year supply of fresh water."
The potential for significant damage is ever-present. The state Oil Conservation Division documented almost 800 surface spills or leaks last year in the two counties — Eddy and Lea — where most of the fracking occurs. About 10,000 barrels of oil and 75,000 barrels of production fluid were spilled.
None of it reached groundwater, according to state and federal officials.
"There is no evidence of groundwater contamination" associated with fracking or wastewater disposal in state history, said Beth Wojahn, a spokesperson for the state's Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department, which oversees energy development.
Ground-water contamination related to fracking is very rare everywhere, but when it occurs, the consequences can be dire. Cleanup is costly and generally only possible if caught quickly.
New Mexico officials say they are confident that regulations and an ample number of inspectors can prevent such contamination.
The state's track record on managing the oil industry's use of water, though, doesn't inspire confidence.
For decades, oil field services companies poured millions of gallons of freshwater into the ground to dissolve a thick salt layer and produce brine long used in drilling operations. In the process, they hollowed out massive caverns. A decade ago, two of those collapsed, forming a pair of giant desert craters 22 miles and 29 miles northeast of Carlsbad, the heart of the state's oil operations.
Now authorities are scrambling to prevent another collapse that would be far more damaging. This cavern — 700 feet long, nearly 500 feet wide and 450 feet deep — isn't in the remote desert but on the edge of town, under a major highway and several businesses. New Mexico officials recently agreed to spend $40 million to figure out how to stop that from happening.
"The latest engineering report said that the collapse is going to happen," said George Veni, director of the National Cave and Karst Research Institute, a geological sciences group based in Carlsbad. "Not if, but when. It could happen anytime, but 2021 is more likely."
These Cities Are About to Run Out of Clean Drinking Water
Lauren Hamer March 22, 2018
Water Wars Loom: UN Warns 5 Billion People Will Face Civilizational Threat By 2050
by Tyler Durden Tue, 03/20/2018 - 18:35
5 Billion People Could Have Poor Access to Water by 2050, UN Warns
Many good illustrations in the link>>>
Rick Rule: "Water Is The Most Mispriced Commodity In The World"
by Tyler Durden Sun, 02/25/2018 - 15:30
Media now ATTACKING advocates of “raw water” just like they attacked raw milk
In the age of President Donald J. Trump, the so-called “mainstream media” has gone full-on bonkers, logging a 90 percent negativity rate when it came to reporting on him and his administration.
90 percent. That’s nine-of-ten stories about Trump all being negative. And these idiots want us to believe their “neutral” and “fair-minded.” Mind you, Trump won the election because voters in a majority of states wanted him to be president. So how does that justify 90 percent negative coverage?
When the media isn’t jumping on the anti-Trump bandwagon, it reverts back to another well-worn pastime: Telling you and me how to live, especially if we chose a lifestyle the elitist schmucks in journalism don’t approve of.
That includes, say, buying, selling, and consuming raw milk, as we’ve documented in the past. Now, apparently, it also includes “raw water.” (Related: 5 Important tips to keep RAW milk fresh.)
What’s raw water? It’s spring water that is untreated, unfiltered, and unencumbered by sterilization processes. Apparently, it’s a new ‘thing’ in Silicon Valley — which is located in California, which is, we’re told, where new ‘things’ begin.
Some raw water is being sold at $20 a gallon which is probably what is really upsetting the Marxist-Leftist mindset of the critical establishment media. Not only is this water untouched and therefore unregulated by “The State,” but someone’s making a darn good living selling it.
We can’t have that. They might have let the part about government being outside the loop slip by, but there is nothing more offensive to a Marxist than profits.
In any event, a smattering of headlines and associated stories about raw water paint the picture: There is no way this stuff can be good for you because it’s a precursor to some horrible disease outbreak that will spread from sea to shining sea and wipe out most other people in blue states (red state wipeouts are okay but not blue states because those states contain readers of establishment news outlets).
Per The Cut, from this headline: “The Raw-Water Trend Sounds Like a Bad Idea (Because of Cholera)”:
Raw-water devotees are embracing the trend to avoid exposure to chemicals like fluoride and chlorine, in order to maximize their health. In response, food-safety experts are flagging all the disturbing substances in the natural water supply including, but not limited to, animal feces and the parasite giardia, also known as “beaver fever.”
“It’s fine till some 10-year-old girl dies a horrible death from cholera in Montecito, California,” whined ‘food-safety expert’ Bill Marler. “You can’t stop consenting adults from being stupid… But, we should at least try.”
Why, Bill? Who elected you national water nanny?
The New York Post chimed in as well with, “Silicon Valley loves ‘raw water’ that will make you sick”:
In case you haven’t noticed, Silicon Valley is obsessed with health, or at least the appearance of health. You can see evidence of it just about everywhere, including internet-connected juicers and new medical “breakthroughs,” but rarely is a new trend as obviously flawed as “raw water.”
“It is, simply put, the dumbest food trend to come along in a long, long time,” the paper claimed.
Question: How do really smart Silicon Valley innovators suddenly become too “dumb” to drink? Does the Post really believe these folks don’t know what they’re doing?
Ponders Orlando’s WDBO, “‘Raw water’ is the latest craze, but is it safe?”:
Although the new trend has its proponents, mainly those leery of fluoride and contamination from lead or other issues, experts have come out strongly against the idea.
What do this story and all of the rest have in common? A string of experts all complaining about being unable to garner enough authority to tell raw water consumers how to live.
Well, that’s essentially true.
An American Water Crisis Is Just Around The Corner And No One Is Talking About It
PECIAL REPORT By Brandon Turbeville, Natural Blaze
Anyone who pays attention to their local news has seen the signs of a coming apocalypse in the United States, although they are probably not aware of it. While many equate a water crisis to the sucking up of resources by big business interests or an offhanded moment of pollution from the local industry, there is another type water crisis looming over America. It’s not just Coca-Cola and property rights, it’s the failure of municipalities, states, and the federal government to ensure that drinking water is actually drinkable.
There have been a number of notable incidents in the last few years that showcase the crumbling infrastructure of the United States and the lower living standards Americans are being forced to accept. Flint, Michigan is the most notable and recognizable instance of water pollution in recent memory. That crisis is still ongoing and, while the U.S. has plenty of money for Israel, foreign aid, and foreign wars, it simply can’t find anything in its already tightened spending belt to help the people of Flint have access to clean water. At this point, the U.S. federal government is doing more to help Africans than it is to help African-Americans. Unfortunately for Flint, State and local governments are the reason for the crisis in the first place.
For two years, industrial chemicals and lead poisoned Flint’s water supply and no one did anything until one woman blew the whistle. Had it not been for her, Flint would still be drinking lead and other pollutants unknowingly. Now, despite the outcry, they know what they are drinking but, unfortunately, not much else has changed.
As bad as it has been for the people of Flint, most Americans take consolation that the tainted water is not in their locale but instead in a notoriously troubled one located in a notoriously troubled state. But that is far from the truth. The fact is that water is polluted with various contaminates all over the country and, in some places, even worse than Flint. In fact, Reuters released a report demonstrating that around 3,000 locations had lead levels higher that Flint.
As Reuters reported,
The poisoned places on this map stretch from Warren, Pennsylvania, a town on the Allegheny River where 36 percent of children tested had high lead levels, to a zip code on Goat Island, Texas, where a quarter of tests showed poisoning. In some pockets of Baltimore, Cleveland and Philadelphia, where lead poisoning has spanned generations, the rate of elevated tests over the last decade was 40 to 50 percent.
Like Flint, many of these localities are plagued by legacy lead: crumbling paint, plumbing, or industrial waste left behind. Unlike Flint, many have received little attention or funding to combat poisoning.
To identify these locations, Reuters examined neighborhood-level blood testing results, most of which have not been previously disclosed. The data, obtained from state health departments and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, tracks poisoning rates among children tested in each location.
Contaminated drinking water has caused nearly 2.5 percent of children in the U.S. to be poisoned by lead.
And that’s just lead. It doesn’t count the other toxic chemicals (industrial or otherwise) that have seeped into water systems from industry, dangerous disposal, poor treatment facilities and practices, or agriculture. Then there are the more obscure causes of tainted water supplies. For instance, Colorado Springs was recently discovered to have contaminated water due to flame retardants used by the military on the local base.
It’s also not taking into account dangerous bacteria found in water supplies as a result of pollution and improper treatment. Toledo, Ohio recently experienced a massive water crisis as a result of bacteria-infused water that cost the city dearly and had many residents desperately searching for bottled water to drink.
Here in the rural south, cities and small towns are constantly issuing “boil water advisories” for residents due to various contaminations.
Fracking has also turned many home water supplies into fireworks displays.
Without listing the litany of places experiencing or who have experienced water crises and the plethora of reasons for that pollution, the point is that, all over America, cities, towns, and even states are experiencing a growing emergency regarding the availability of safe, clean drinking water. This is the type of problem Westerners associate with “third world” countries and failed states.
Obviously, there are a number of questions that come as a result of the state of the American water supply. First, “Why don’t more Americans know this?” The second, “why is this happening?” The third, “what can be done about it?”
Why Aren’t Most Americans Concerned?
Because of the nature of water crises, most Americans are only exposed to this type of crisis if it takes place in their backyard. With the exception of situations like Flint where national attention is focused, albeit fleetingly, the presentation by media outlets is such to suggest that water crises are rare and that the overall water infrastructure of the country is the best in the world. Of course, that is far from the case and the belief that it is stands as a testament to Edward Bernays’ and the wealthy middle management of the Western world’s work in convincing Americans and other Westerners that their system is the best regardless of the shape it is in. Nevertheless, water crises tend to be localized and a water crisis in California is not likely to draw attention in Michigan or South Carolina and vice versa, particularly if the area in crisis is rural. Unless the issue is so massive that it effects numerous locales at once, specifically highly populated ones, most Americans simply are unaware until the water in their own community is threatened.
What Is The Cause?
Media reports would have their audience believe that water crises are rare occurrences across the most developed nation in the world and that the water systems in the United States are unparalleled. But, while that may have been true at one time, that is no longer the case. In fact, water crises are now rather common. The causes range from industrial pollution and subsequent lack of concern or collusion to covert it up like in Flint, Michigan, or it could be the result of a radioactive leak. It could be because of intense factory farming, lead cables, poor treatment practices, busted pipes, or generalized contamination. But the ultimate cause of the massive increase in water crises in the United States is one of crumbling infrastructure.
Accidents happen. They always have and always will. However, Flint did not become poisoned by one accident and the communities receiving water from the Great Lakes did not become polluted by one spill either. Communities all across America are experiencing water crises that have been decades in the making. From lack of updating treatment facilities, ensuring that reservoirs are clean, and regulating industry that would love to use drinking water supplies and underground water as their own personal toilets, America has slowly created for itself a perfect storm that combines heavy industry, lack of legitimate regulation, and austerity. In many communities, something as simple as proper upkeep of piping and even proper replacement of damaged pipes has caused major portions of cities to have to boil their water, children to miss school, and hospitals in danger of shutting down.
Another part of the problem is the age-old scam of water privatization, not just in terms of reservoirs or industry but in terms of cities, towns, and communities. Once considered a rightful duty of the City, town, or community government, water treatment, maintenance, and delivery in the United States was indeed something to be envied the world over. However, a brilliant con was eventually introduced where, after years of hard-earned taxpayer money being used to build and maintain water systems, those same taxpayers are assaulted with propaganda that “government is too slow and incompetent” to do the job and that the private sector is “more effective and more efficient.”
Taxpayers are promised better services at lower prices. Once the citizens are propagandized enough, they are offered referenda or simply informed of the changes that the system owned by the local governments will be turned over to the private industry. Businesses, of course, are interested in one thing only and, after raising the prices of the services over time, the private sector fails miserably at keeping up the infrastructure they contracted to maintain because maintenance costs money and eats into the profits of the company. After years of failing to adequately maintain the water systems, either citizens become angry enough to demand the local government take back control over the systems or the private sector realizes a major upgrade is necessary and declines to renew its contract. The local government then takes the system back over and undertakes all the necessary repairs after a decade of abuse and lack of maintenance. Of course, taxes have to be raised in order to do so and the con begins again.
The entire United States is facing a slow and quietly emerging water crisis. Right now, it is lurking below the surface. Eventually, however, it is going to reveal itself and, when it does, the American population is going to be unprepared. Governments, of course, are going to grandstand and do nothing since they don’t have the money and private sector water holders are going to tell the American people to stick it. Have a problem? Go to talk to the mayor.
Of course, the mayor will have little to give. He will be sorry and he will apologize but unfortunately there is nothing he can do. The private company controls the water and, even if the mayor did want to take matters into his own hands, the city doesn’t have the money.
Americans may soon wake up to find that the greatest water system in the world is now forcing them to boil everything they consume and, for some, even boiling won’t be enough.
The United States has been letting its infrastructure fall to pieces for decades, ever since the 1970’s in fact. From water systems to roads and other critical infrastructure, the U.S. is a shell of its former self. Although it always seems to have plenty of dollars for foreign wars, foreign aid, bailouts, and Israel, the U.S. never seems to have enough to trickle down to the important areas of domestic life that effect every American personally.
This, along with the laissez-faire policy of allowing corporations to do as they will, is going to be the death of the American water supply if something is not done to reign in Big industry, environmental pollution, and the quickening degradation of water infrastructure.
According to the American Society of Civil Engineers who recently released its 2013 Report Card For America’s Infrastructure, estimates suggest that the United States would need to invest $3.6 Trillion dollars in its infrastructure by 2020 simply to achieve the overall ranking of “good” which is represented as a B on the ASCE report card.
In addition, the innovation and leadership in regards to scientific progress in which America once dominated is a feature that no longer appears to exist domestically. In infrastructure, education, science, medicine, and real economic activity (productivity), the United States is nothing more than a shell of its former self. Yet this does not have to be the case nor does it have to be the future for America. A nationalized Federal Reserve, particularly together with a 1% Wall Street Sales Tax to eliminate Federal, State, and local budget deficits as well as fully finance the social safety net, education, and a true program of universal healthcare, would be a tremendous step forward in creating an environment of virtually full employment and major industry while producing in an environmentally friendly way.
For this reason, Credit Stimulus can and should be used to jumpstart a recovery first by means of repairing existing infrastructure and building new infrastructural systems as will fit the needs of modern America. This should be accomplished by a nationalized Federal Reserve acting as a truly state-owned National bank buying up the bonds of states, regional projects, and local governments for the specific purposes of rebuilding subway systems, highway systems, water treatment facilities, railway systems (freight and passenger), bridges, electricity and power production facilities, canals, ports, sewage systems, telecommunications, libraries, hospitals, schools, public and government buildings, as well as other relevant aspects of infrastructure.
The terms of these bond purchases should be simple. First, they should be predicated upon real improvement and creation of legitimate infrastructure such as the projects mentioned above. No pork or pet projects. Second, the interest rate of these bonds should be set at 0% so as to preclude any usury between governments and to eliminate usurious forms of government and public debt. Third, these bonds should be issued with a maturity date of 100 years, a type of bond commonly referred to as century bonds. This will allow for reasonable “repayment” on a reasonable time scale with adjustments made for the need of the government receiving the credit as the economic crisis may demand. There should be no foreclosure or bankruptcy resulting from this extension of credit.
A newly nationalized Federal Reserve should immediately issue a tranche of $3.6 trillion of such credit to Federal, State, and local governments as well as regional projects in order to upgrade current infrastructure to a satisfactory level with subsequent tranches of $1 trillion to be issued as needed after the first tranche of $3.6 trillion is expended. The goal in this endeavor is not only to upgrade and improve the national infrastructure as it exists but to bring all of it up to the highest standards. The U.S. highway system should be upgraded the levels of the Autobahn in Germany and beyond. Likewise for all the other forms of infrastructure. The jobs provided by this credit stimulus should be high wage and union pay scale.
Improving infrastructure to adequate levels, however, is not the only potential use for the purchase of Federal, State, and local bonds as the goal should obviously be to create new and more efficient, environmentally friendly, and highly developed forms of infrastructure – in this case, water treatment, water delivery, and improved methods of making use of salt water for drinking purposes.
Although the specific manner in which the Federal Reserve is nationalized should not be the main focus of the action and demand to do so, there are two possible ways that such an undertaking could be accomplished. The first, and most desirable, is the passage of a law by Congress which nationalizes the Federal Reserve under the U.S. Department of the Treasury. This method is the best case scenario as it demonstrates Congressional will, common agreement, and process legitimization.
However, in the absence of Congressional will, there exists the forceful act of the Executive. Essentially, it is entirely possible for the Federal Reserve to be de facto nationalized by a simple Presidential phone call to the Chairman of the Fed demanding specific lines of credit for specific purposes with clear repercussions if these demands are not met. In other words, the President could direct the chairman of the Federal Reserve to order a line of credit for a specific purpose and, if the chairman refuses, the chairman is free to submit his resignation by 5pm. Although a full law would be the ideal circumstance for the reconquering of American monetary policy by those to whom it rightfully belongs, any and all means available can and should be used.
The American water supply is quietly but quickly descending into a national emergency that may very well show itself at once in the form of a major crisis that affects the entire country or it may simply continue to grow quietly in different locations until Americans wake up in a country where boiling water for safety has become the norm. If we are to avoid the coming crisis, it is paramount that we begin reigning in the rampant pollution of the water supply by industry and begin updating, improving, and making new innovations to the water supply, treatment, and delivery systems before it is too late.
Are You One Of The 170 Million Americans Drinking Radioactive Tap Water?
by Tyler Durden Mon, 01/15/2018 - 20:00
7 Reasons We Face a Global Water Crisis
Just saw this>>
Summary, charts and maps in link
1.1) We're Changing the Climate, Making Dry Areas Drier and Precipitation More Variable and Extreme
2) More People + More Money = More Water Demand
3) Groundwater Is Being Depleted
4) Water Infrastructure Is in a Dismal State of Disrepair
5) And Natural Infrastructure Is Being Ignored
6) Water Is Wasted
7) The Price Is Wrong
Over 267 Toxins Found in Public Tap Water
August 08, 2017
Pennsylvania watershed contaminated with radioactive material and endocrine-disrupting chemicals
Hydraulic fracturing has enabled a domestic oil and gas boom in the U.S., but its rapid growth has raised questions about what to do with the billions of gallons of wastewater that result. Researchers now report that treating the wastewater and releasing it into surface waters has led to the contamination of a Pennsylvania watershed with radioactive material and endocrine-disrupting chemicals. The study appears in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology.
In 2015, the unconventional oil and gas extraction method known as hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," accounted for more than one-half of oil production and two-thirds of gas production in America, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The method's market share is likely to increase even further.
Although the technique has resulted in a shift away from coal, which could reduce greenhouse gas emissions, it produces large amounts of wastewater containing radioactive material, salts, metals, endocrine-disrupting chemicals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons that could pose risks to the environment and human health.
A Pennsylvania report estimates that in 2015, 10 000 unconventional oil and gas wells in the Marcellus Shale produced 1.7 billion gallons of wastewater. The facilities that collect the water provide only limited treatment before releasing it into surface waters. Bill Burgos and colleagues at Penn State, Colorado State and Dartmouth wanted to see what impact this strategy of treating and releasing fracking wastewater might be having.
The researchers sampled sediments and porewaters from a lake downstream from two facilities that treat fracking wastewater in Pennsylvania.
Their analysis detected that peak concentrations of radium, alkaline earth metals, salts and organic chemicals all occurred in the same sediment layer.
The two major classes of organic contaminants included nonylphenol ethoxylates, which are endocrine-disrupting chemicals, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which are carcinogens.
The highest concentrations coincided with sediment layers deposited five to 10 years ago during a peak period of fracking wastewater disposal.
Elevated levels of radium were also found as far as 19 km (12 miles) downstream of the treatment plants.
The researchers say that the potential risks associated with this contamination are unknown, but they suggest tighter regulations of wastewater disposal could help protect the environment and human health.
Source: American Chemical Society
California's reservoirs are filled with gunk, and it's crowding out room to store water
This might be of interest. The heavy rains this year have brought in much more silt than normal years and reservoirs filling up with silt. OK, probably grossly exaggerated, but interesting, especially long term?
But, you already knew that and so did I!!! We know that water everywhere is filled with carcinogens... sadly.