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Gevo, Inc. (GEVO)

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Last Post: 10/11/2019 11:52:25 AM - Followers: 211 - Board type: Free - Posts Today: 0

Welcome to Gevo Board

Contact Info
345 Inverness Drive South
Building C
Suite 310
Englewood, CO 80112
Website: http://www.gevo.com
Phone: (303) 858-8358


Gevo has been producing and selling its patented alcohol-to-jet fuel (ATJ) derived from isobutanol since 2011. Gevo is working toward further commercializing its patented ATJ, which is a clean burning, homegrown, drop-in jet fuel that has the potential to deliver aviation biofuels at scale and at competitive cost. Fossil-based jet fuel is one of the largest expenses for airlines. Gevo’s ATJ is expected to help reduce the airline industry’s carbon footprint and help control fuel costs.

Before Gevo’s ATJ could be sold to airlines, it had to pass a series of technical and safety tests. After six years of rigorous performance assessments conducted by ASTM International, including extensive engine testing and data analysis by all of the major original equipment manufacturers, the ASTM D7566 specification was revised to include Gevo’s ATJ in April of 2016. The revision includes ATJ derived from renewable isobutanol, regardless of the carbohydrate feedstock (i.e. cellulosics, corn, sugar cane, molasses, etc.). For more on Alaska Airlines flying with Gevo’s cellulosic renewable ATJ click here for a PDF download.

Gevo’s ATJ can now be seamlessly integrated into the existing distribution infrastructure and onto commercial aircraft where a domestic, competitively priced, sustainable supply of biofuels is expected to meet the growing demand for fuel alternatives in one of the world’s largest industries for fuel consumption.

Gevo is a leading renewable chemicals and advanced biofuels company. We have developed bio-based alternatives to petroleum-based products using a combination of synthetic biology and chemistry. We produce isobutanol, a versatile platform chemical for the liquid fuels and petrochemicals markets. Isobutanol has broad market applications as a solvent and a gasoline blendstock that can help refiners meet their renewable fuel and clean air obligations. It can also be further processed using well-known chemical processes into jet fuel and feedstocks for the production of synthetic rubber, plastics and polyesters.


Gevo’s Alcohol to Jet Fuel clears key ASTM hurdle 

March 28, 2016S

First commercial test flight with Alaska Airlines comes closer

In Colorado, ASTM International Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants and Subcommittee D02.J on Aviation Fuel passed a concurrent ballot this week approving the revision of ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) to include alcohol to jet synthetic paraffinic kerosene derived from renewable isobutanol.

The Gevo commercial test with Alaska

Alaska Airlines is now poised to fly the first-ever commercial test flight using Gevo’s renewable alcohol to jet fuel (ATJ).  Gevo is preparing the shipment of ATJ to Alaska Airlines for this first flight. Alaska Airlines will work with the Federal Aviation Administration to schedule the flight using Gevo’s ATJ.

The ASTM technical review

The D02.J Ballot passed two levels of ASTM technical scrutiny: subcommittee and main committee ballot and is in the final stages of Society Review. The ASTM process is substantially complete as it relates to the approval of the D02.J Ballot.  In order to fully complete the process, the ASTM still needs to close the Society Review, perform a final ballot tally, and publish the revision of ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) on its website.  It is expected that these final actions will be completed by the ASTM in early April.

Once the revision of ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) is published by the ASTM, Gevo’s ATJ will be eligible to be used as a blending component in standard Jet A-1 for commercial airline use in the United States and in many other countries around the globe.  Gevo’s ATJ would be eligible to be used for up to a 30% blend in conventional jet fuel for commercial flights.

Why a big deal?

In September, we learned Gevo aimed to increase isobutanol production at Luverne to a range of 750,000 to 1 million gallons in 2016, up 7-10x from expected 2015 production levels, in part to increase sales of isobutanol into core markets such as the alcohol-to-jet (ATJ), marina, off-road, isooctane and solvents markets.

Underpining this? Approximately $5.0M of capital expenditures for a distillation system to purify isobutanol on-site, an addition to our seed train to allow Gevo to produce its yeast on-site and a stainless steel fermenter to replace one of the existing carbon steel fermenters that has reached the end of its useful life.

The goal? Reducing the variable cost of producing isobutanol at Luverne to a range of $3.00-$3.50/gallon*, a decrease of approximately 50% from the current cost of production, enabling isobutanol to be produced at a positive contribution margin, based on an expected average selling price for isobutanol of between $3.50-$4.50/gallon

Gevo yields at this time

Gevo has demonstrated yields of 1.80-1.85 gallons per bushel and batch sizes of 16-18 thousand gallons per batch at Luverne, it said in September.

The commercial prospects?

With jet fuel selling at $0.97 per gallon based on $40 oil, don’t expect big orders from Alaska just yet. But they’ve seen as everyone has the projections of $70 oil by year end. While on a pro-rated basis we would not expect to see Alaska doing much more than demonstration that “it is doing something” based on these prices — clearly airlines need to show that they are doing something, else they’ll be regulated country-by-country on CO2 emissions.

What’s the carbon penalty right now based on Gevo’s cost structure? With $3.00 isobutanol, and that’s at the lowest possible end, that corresponds to the jet fuel cost when there’s (roughly) $100 oil. But on the other hand, there’s the $0.70 advanced bioful RIN, and there’s 1.5-1.7 in a gallon of jet fuel, so consider that there’s a $1.05 to $1.19 in RIN support there. That could well support a business for Gevo even with $70-$80 oil.

Reaction from the stakeholders

“We’re pleased that this newly-revised standard now supports isobutanol based alcohol-to-jet aviation biofuels and we look forward to flying it this year. Developing a domestic, competitively priced, sustainable supply of biofuels is fundamental to Alaska Airline’s long term sustainability goals,” said Joe Sprague, Alaska Airline’s Senior Vice President of External Relations.

Dr. Patrick Gruber, Gevo’s Chief Executive Officer, commented, “This ASTM revision is a major achievement and supports one of Gevo’s key products.  We believe that Gevo’s renewable ATJ provides a clear and cost-competitive path for commercial airlines to reduce their greenhouse gas footprints and reduce their particulate emissions from combustion. For Gevo, this step is expected to open a large and significant market to Gevo around which Gevo expects to build a profitable business.”

And Gevo is raising capital on the back of this

Gevo hailed the ballot as paving the way towards a commercial test of ATJ fuel. And, the company announced on the heels of this approval a complex financing plan.

Here’s the Gevo alphabet soup.

It will sell Series C units, with each Series C unit consisting of one share of common stock, Series F warrants to purchase a certain number of shares of common stock and Series H warrants to purchase a certain number of shares of common stock.

Not too bad so far. But, Gevo is also offering Series D units, in lieu of Series C units, to those purchasers whose purchase of additional Series C units in the offering would result in the purchaser beneficially owning more than 4.99% of the Company’s outstanding common stock following the completion of the offering.

The Series D units will consist of pre-funded Series G warrants to purchase one share of common stock, Series F warrants to purchase a certain number of shares of common stock and Series H warrants to purchase a certain number of shares of common stock.


Leveraging the same hydrocarbons technology that Gevo uses to convert isobutanol to jet fuel, Gevo also produces isooctane, or renewable gasoline. Whereas isobutanol can be used as a blendstock for a finished gasoline (with Gevo targeting isobutanol blends of 12.5% to 16%), the balance of such finished fuels is typically comprised of petroleum-based products. Gevo is looking to replace such petroleum-based products with its renewable isooctane. This would enable extremely high renewable content in gasoline, approaching almost 100% of the gasoline, while not sacrificing the performance of such fuels.

The market interest in renewable carbon-based fuels is increasing. Certain markets in Europe already place significant value on low carbon fuels, and other markets are moving in this direction, including parts of the U.S., such as California. Gevo believes its isooctane has the ability to address such demand successfully both from a performance, as well as a production cost standpoint. Given Gevo’s isooctane is virtually identical (chemically) to petro-isooctane, this should cause minimal adoption hurdles for the fuel.


Patrick R. Gruber, Ph.D. – Chief Executive Officer

Patrick R. GruberDr. Patrick Gruber is the Chief Executive Officer of Gevo and has served as a director of the company since 2007. Previously, he was the President and Chief Executive Officer of Outlast Technologies Inc., a technology and marketing company primarily serving the textile industry. In 1997, Dr. Gruber co-founded NatureWorks, LLC (formerly Cargill Dow, LLC), and served as Vice President of Technology and Operations and Chief Technology Officer until 2005.

Dr. Gruber is an advisor to the Energy Future Coalition. He currently serves on the boards of directors of Gevo and Segetis.

In 2008, Dr. Gruber was awarded the first ever George Washington Carver Award. The award recognizes significant contributions by individuals in the field of industrial biotechnology and its application in biological engineering, environmental science, biorefining and biobased products.

As an extraordinary visionary, a revolutionary scientist, and a transformational leader, Dr. Gruber received an Outstanding Achievement Award from the University of Minnesota in 2011. This award recognized Dr. Gruber’s work in the development and commercialization of green chemical production processes, his contributions to industrial biotechnology, and his ability to identify and act on business opportunities.

Dr. Gruber holds an M.B.A. from the University of Minnesota, Carlson School of Management, a Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Minnesota and a B.S. in chemistry and biology from the University of St. Thomas

Christopher Ryan, Ph.D. – President, Chief Operating Officer, and Chief Technology Officer

Christopher RyanDr. Christopher Ryan is the President and Chief Operating Officer at Gevo. He started his tenure at Gevo in 2009 with more than 20 years of experience in strategic leadership, business development and research and product development in biobased materials. Most recently, Dr. Ryan was Chief Operating Officer and Chief Technology Officer for NatureWorks LLC, which he co-founded in 1997. While at NatureWorks, Dr. Ryan was involved in the development and commercialization of the Company’s new biobased polymer, polyactide (PLA), from lab-scale production and the introduction of PLA, through its $300 million world-scale production facility. He also spent four years working in Corporate R&D for HB Fuller, a specialty chemicals company.

Dr. Ryan completed the Management of Technology program at the University of Minnesota, Institute of Technology, holds a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the University of Minnesota and a B.S. in chemistry from Gustavus Adolphus College.

Brett Lund, J.D., M.B.A. –  Chief Legal Officer and Secretary

Brett LundMr. Brett Lund is the Chief Legal Officer and Secretary at Gevo. Mr. Lund was named “Best Corporate Counsel” by the Denver Business Journal, one of Colorado’s “Top Twenty-Five Most Influential Young Professionals” by ColoradoBiz Magazine, and “Forty Under 40” by the Denver Business Journal for being one of the top forty business leaders under age 40. Mr. Lund is currently a Board member of the Colorado BioScience Association, Gevo Development, and the Colorado Cleantech Industry Association. Prior to joining the company, Mr. Lund was the CEO and co-founder of Agarigen, Inc, which he successfully sold to Intrexon, Inc. Mr. Lund also previously served as chairman of the legal, IP and licensing group for Syngenta Biotechnology Inc.’s biofuels business. In his role at Syngenta, Mr. Lund led the management of intellectual property, in-licensing, out-licensing, research collaborations, and strategic alliances. Prior to Syngenta, he served as Associate General Counsel for the Ford Motor Company’s Wingcast subsidiary.

Mr. Lund was previously a corporate attorney at the law firm of Cooley LLP, where he represented numerous companies regarding intellectual property licensing, IPOs, venture capital financing, M&A, securities, strategic alliances and related transactions.

Mr. Lund holds a J.D from Duke University Law School, an M.B.A. from Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business and a B.A. in political science from the University of California, San Diego. He is a Certified Licensing Professional by the Licensing Executives Society and admitted to practice law in California and North Carolina. Mr. Lund has also been a member of the American Bar Association, California Bar Association, North Carolina Bar Association, the Licensing Executives Society (LES) and the Association of University Technology Managers (AUTM).


Isobutanol: A Gateway to Chemicals and Fuels

Gevo’s commercialization efforts are focused on isobutanol, a naturally occurring four carbon alcohol. Isobutanol is an important platform chemical with broad applications in many chemicals and fuels markets. It is a “drop-in” product that should allow customers to replace petroleum-derived raw materials with isobutanol-derived raw materials without modification to their equipment or production processes. Because isobutanol can drop into existing infrastructure, it should provide for easy integration into existing chemical and specialty fuel production processes.

Gevo’s isobutanol has successfully cleared registration with the U.S. EPA as a fuel additive. It is the first isobutanol to be listed in the EPA’s Fuel Registration Directory and is now approved for blending with gasoline.

Isobutanol advantages. Gevo’s isobutanol-based products are chemically equivalent to those produced from petroleum-based raw materials, except they are produced via fermentation from renewable sources.

Our markets include:

  • Solvents and Coatings. A solvent-grade renewable isobutanol can be used in the existing butanol market as a cost-effective alternative to petroleum-derived solvents with a lower carbon footprint.
    Materials, Plastics, and Fibers. Isobutanol can be dehydrated to produce butenes, which are building blocks for the production of materials such as lubricants, synthetic rubber, PMMA, propylene, xylene, and PET. Gevo’s isobutanol can provide chemical companies with an alternative to petroleum-based butenes with potential advantages in cost, predictability and life cycle profile.
    Biojet Blendstock. Isobutanol has been converted to kerosene, which is a drop-in blend component for petroleum jet fuel. Bio-based kerosene has the potential to provide a cleaner burning, renewable jet fuel with a lower carbon footprint. Working with the Department of Defense, we have validated that alcohol-to-jet fuel is a clean-burning, homegrown, drop-in option.
    Specialty Fuels. For specialized uses, such as small-engine and/or marine fleet engines, it is important to have a fuel that does not cause shortened engine life or create operational safety issues, and can meet EPA emission targets. Isobutanol has a lower Reid vapor pressure value than ethanol and, with 30 percent more energy, generates significantly more renewable fuels (RIN) credits. It has a lower propensity for phase separation in the presence of water and has no stress corrosion cracking compatibility or elastomer incompatibility issues.
Case Studies
Renewable PET Will Help Toray Meet Consumer Demand for Environmentally-Friendly Plastic Packaging
Bio-based Isobutanol to Enable Coca-Cola to Develop Second Generation PlantBottle™ Packaging
Gevo and Purina Animal Nutrition LLC Exploring Opportunities to Upgrade Value-Added Applications in Animal Feed Products
NMMA Testing Demonstrates Gevo’s Isobutanol-Gasoline Blend is Superior to E15 Fuel for Boaters
USAF A10 Test Flight Powered by Gevo’s Alcohol-to-Jet Fuel Validates Military Application
Gevo and Mansfield Oil Partnering to Introduce Next Generation Biofuels

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GEVO News: Gevo to Report Third Quarter 2019 Financial Results on November 12, 2019 10/14/2019 09:00:00 AM
GEVO News: Gevo Responds to Trump Administration’s Aim to Boost Biofuels under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) 10/08/2019 09:00:00 AM
GEVO News: Gevo Supplies Avfuel with Sustainable Aviation Fuel for Aircraft headed to the Business Aviation Convention & Exhibition in L... 10/07/2019 09:00:00 AM
GEVO News: Dr. Patrick Gruber to Present at ABLC NEXT in San Francisco 10/01/2019 09:00:00 AM
GEVO News: Biofuels Digest Names Gevo as one of the “The Next 50 Companies to Disrupt the World” 09/30/2019 09:00:00 AM
#9293   $GEVO Reverse Split. Dilution. Reverse Split. Dilution. Reverse SpotOnTrade 10/11/19 11:52:24 AM
#9291   GEVO will continue to trend upwards, many more Paraceratherium 09/20/19 09:30:01 AM
#9290   $GEVO Reverse Split. Dilution. Reverse Split. Dilution. Reverse SpotOnTrade 09/18/19 10:51:45 AM
#9289   Here we see Moron again. xlofer 09/04/19 06:44:11 PM
#9288   * * $GEVO Video Chart 09-04-2019 * * ClayTrader 09/04/19 05:31:08 PM
#9287   News: $GEVO Gevo Announces Breakthrough Development of Low-Carbon whytestocks 09/04/19 11:30:37 AM
#9286   GEVO Chart conix 08/16/19 05:46:10 PM
#9285   Try Stocktwits Bruce the Stock Guy 08/14/19 09:20:04 AM
#9284   GEVNW on fire!!! Paiidnfull38 08/05/19 10:54:09 AM
#9283   Fantastic move but illiquidity is annoying deadjim 07/24/19 02:17:32 PM
#9282   News: $GEVO Gevo to Report Second Quarter 2019 whytestocks 07/18/19 02:30:25 PM
#9281   Hmmm, the empty shell you referred to is AC7880 07/12/19 09:54:25 PM
#9280   What DD led you to GEVO? Magnum7419 07/12/19 09:33:29 PM
#9275   Maybe now we know why 2.50 a share Magnum7419 07/12/19 06:09:12 PM
#9274   Looks like a company with visions similar to AC7880 07/12/19 05:16:18 PM
#9273   I might have to start Magnum7419 07/12/19 01:40:22 PM
#9272   Can they grow Hemp in Mn :) Magnum7419 07/12/19 01:29:31 PM
#9271   Little Birdie told me to look here :) Magnum7419 07/12/19 12:54:21 PM
#9270   fading hard. may fill gap at $2.00 before rising SpotOnTrade 07/09/19 11:40:18 AM
#9269   $3+ coming $GEVO SpotOnTrade 07/09/19 10:38:59 AM
#9268   $GEVO: Virgina Atlantic going public soon. makinezmoney 07/09/19 08:59:22 AM
#9267   nice +.50 bounce so far [SMART MONEY] 07/08/19 06:03:23 PM
#9266   Democrats Back Bill to Ban Sale of Gas-Powered SpotOnTrade 07/08/19 03:40:02 PM
#9265   Oil rises on Iran’s new nuclear threats https://www.cnbc.com/2019/07/08/oil-mark SpotOnTrade 07/08/19 01:47:34 PM
#9264   $GEVO has 35.47M in Cash SpotOnTrade 07/08/19 10:20:08 AM
#9263   $GEVO: Richard Branson will buy them out makinezmoney 07/08/19 09:09:43 AM
#9262   $GEVO Dr. Patrick R. Gruber will moderate a SpotOnTrade 07/08/19 08:58:46 AM
#9261   $GEVO quietly going up. Short squeeze coming SpotOnTrade 07/05/19 01:55:47 PM
#9260   $GEVO big bounce today SpotOnTrade 07/05/19 01:45:35 PM
#9259   $GEVO touched 2.00 on a low vol walk down [SMART MONEY] 07/05/19 09:11:52 AM
#9258   $GEVO: I totally agree makinezmoney 07/05/19 08:27:47 AM
#9257   Democrats Back Bill to Ban Sale of Gas-Powered SpotOnTrade 07/04/19 05:27:21 PM
#9256   Next leg $3.33 $GEVO SpotOnTrade 07/04/19 04:56:43 PM
#9255   $GEVO Trading LOWER than its Book Value. Book SpotOnTrade 07/04/19 04:55:47 PM
#9254   Nice gapper. So oversold its sick! $GEVO LONG SpotOnTrade 07/04/19 04:52:32 PM
#9253   Gevo Inc. $GEVO Animal Feed & Protein. Products SpotOnTrade 07/04/19 10:55:33 AM
#9252   Gevo Inc. $GEVO Renewable Gasoline #Isooctane SpotOnTrade 07/04/19 10:55:24 AM
#9251   $GEVO Trump administration lifts summer restrictions on higher-ethanol gasoline SpotOnTrade 07/04/19 10:03:45 AM
#9250   Looks goodb abazaba375 07/03/19 05:57:35 PM
#9249   News: $GEVO Gevo's Chief Executive Officer, Patrick Gruber whytestocks 07/03/19 02:30:27 PM
#9248   $GEVO Gevo's Chief Executive Officer, Patrick Gruber to SpotOnTrade 07/03/19 11:31:12 AM
#9247   $GEVO Biofuel Company Gevo Could More SpotOnTrade 07/03/19 10:44:08 AM
#9246   GEVO Average down (or averaging down) refers to SpotOnTrade 06/28/19 11:02:14 AM
#9245   $GEVO: CEO discussion on July 1 makinezmoney 06/28/19 09:06:49 AM
#9244   Those look like Stock grants to Employees,which is novicetrader 06/26/19 08:09:55 PM
#9243   Another insider $GEVO buys shares https://flashalert.me/?symbol=GEVO&source=SEC& SpotOnTrade 06/26/19 07:59:19 PM
#9242   $GEVO Insider Buys 39,474 shares 06/24/2019 https://flashalert.me/?symbol=GEVO&s SpotOnTrade 06/26/19 07:58:51 PM
#9241   $GEVO Biofuel Company Gevo Could More SpotOnTrade 06/26/19 11:38:21 AM
#9240   Gevo Inc $GEVO Gasoline Blendstocks SpotOnTrade 06/25/19 12:30:58 PM
#9239   $GEVO Zacks Investment Research, Inc. upgrades GEVO INC SpotOnTrade 06/25/19 11:27:14 AM