I sent an inquiry to CTTC IR in which I asked for the definition of an artificial neuron.
Below is IR's response.
BTW, I cringed when I read it.
Here is the way is was explained to me:
Artificial neuron is a synthesized nerve impulse or action potential. This is what is created by the scrambler (Calmare). A series of synthetic action potentials carrying the "non-pain" message which is recognized by the brain. These are all transmitted via C-fbers(sic) which are the slow fibers for carrying information.
Hope it is helpful to you,
IR Services/Competitive Technologies