|Medical Dictionary (some often-used terms in AMBS PRs) |
The substania nigra is an area of pigmented cells in the midbrain which is responsible for producing the neurotransmitter dopamine. This section of the brain plays an important role in the control of movement, and it also appears to interact in the process of addiction, as well. If you view a brain in cross-section, the substantia nigra is located in the midbrain, right at the tip of the brainstem.
The striatum is also called the striate body. It includes the caudate nucleus and the lentiform nucleus. The term striatum (striate) refers to the layered appearance of bands of gray matter that course from one of these nuclei to the other and represent the connections between them.
In living tissues, reinnervation describes the process by which post-synaptic neurons form new synapses or increase existing synaptic efficacy in order to compensate for a lack of pre-synaptic input from dead or otherwise dysfunctional pre-synaptic neurons.
Glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor, also known as GDNF is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the GDNF gene. GDNF is a small protein that potently promotes the survival of many types of neurons.[2
Myocardial infarction (MI) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack
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